Agricultural Prices
Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released September 27, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Special Note

Monthly price estimates have been discontinued for Austrian winter peas. The 
United States monthly price estimate for dry edible peas now includes 
Austrian winter peas and will continue to be published in the Agricultural 
Prices report.

State level monthly price estimates for apples have been discontinued. The 
United States monthly apple price estimate will continue to be published in 
the Agricultural Prices report.

August Prices Received Index Up 0.8 Percent 

The August Prices Received Index (Agricultural Production), at 90.5, 
increased 0.8 percent from July 2019. At 87.4, the Crop Production Index 
increased 0.8 percent. The Livestock Production Index, at 93.7, increased 
0.2 percent. Producers received higher prices for market eggs, hogs, sweet 
corn, and milk but lower prices for broilers, lettuce, corn, and cotton. 
Compared with a year earlier, the Prices Received Index is up 0.9 percent. 
The Crop Production Index decreased 2.6 percent and the Livestock Production 
Index increased 4.5 percent. The indexes are calculated using commodity 
prices and volumes of commodities that producers market. Increased monthly 
movement of cattle, grapes, tobacco, and sweet corn offset the decreased 
marketing of wheat, corn, soybeans, and strawberries. The Food Commodities 
Index, at 93.5, increased 1.5 percent from the previous month and 1.5 percent 
from August 2018.

August Prices Paid Index Down 0.5 Percent 

The August Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 109.9, is down 0.5 percent from July 2019 but 
up 0.6 percent from August 2018. Lower prices in August for feeder pigs, feed 
grains, feeder cattle, and hay and forages more than offset higher prices for 
concentrates, complete feeds, self-propelled machinery, and wage rates.

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   August    :    July     :   August    
                Index Group               :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     89.7          89.8          90.5    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    109.2         110.5         109.9    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       83            81            83    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers...................................................................................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.............................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons........................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2018 and 2019...............  5
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2018 and 2019...................  6
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.....................  7
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons...................  8
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons............  9
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons.................  9
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons....................... 10
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.................... 10
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons..................... 11
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.................... 11
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons............................ 11
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons...................... 12
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.................. 12
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons..................... 12
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons................... 12
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons............................ 13
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons........................ 14
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons....................... 14
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.............. 15
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons....................... 15
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.......................... 15
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons........................ 15
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.... 16
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons...... 16
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons..................... 17
Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - States and 5-State Total: August 2019.................. 17
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: August 2018..................... 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: July 2019....................... 19
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: August 2019..................... 20
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons........................ 21
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: July 2019 with Comparisons......................... 21
Parity Price Overview........................................................................................ 22
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons... 23
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons........................................ 24
Marketing Year for Specified Commodities..................................................................... 26
Austrian Winter Peas Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 
   through 2018.............................................................................................. 27
Dry Edible Peas Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 
   through 2018.............................................................................................. 27
Lentils Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 through 2018.... 27
Sorghum Grain Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 
   through 2018.............................................................................................. 28
Canola Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 through 2018..... 28
Soybean Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 through 2018.... 29
Austrian Winter Peas Prices Received and Marketing Percentages by Month - United States: Marketing Years 
   2016-2017 through 2018-2019............................................................................... 30
Dry Edible Peas Prices Received and Marketing Percentages by Month - United States: Marketing Years 
   2016-2017 through 2018-2019............................................................................... 30

Lentils Prices Received and Marketing Percentages by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   through 2018-2019......................................................................................... 31
Corn Prices Received and Marketing Percentages by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 
   through 2018-2019......................................................................................... 31
Sorghum Grain Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 
   and 2018-2019............................................................................................. 32
Canola Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.......... 33
Soybean Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018........................ 34
Soybean Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2018-2019........................ 35
Apples for Fresh Use Prices Received by Month - by State and United States: July 2016 - June 2019............ 36
Grapes for Fresh Use Prices Received by Month - United States: May 2016 - December 2018...................... 37
Peaches for Fresh Use Prices Received by Month - United States: May 2016 - September 2018.................... 37
Pears for Fresh Use Prices Received by Month - United States: July 2016 - June 2019.......................... 37
Sorghum Grain Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 
   and 2018-2019............................................................................................. 38
Canola Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 
   and 2018-2019............................................................................................. 38
Soybean Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 
   and 2018-2019............................................................................................. 39
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates..................................................................... 40
Prices Paid by Farmers....................................................................................... 41
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.................. 42
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: 
   August 2019 with Comparisons.............................................................................. 43
Feed Price Ratios - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons.............................................. 44
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons............ 44
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons............................... 44
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates......................................................................... 45
Information Contacts......................................................................................... 46

August Prices Received by Farmers

The August Prices Received Index for agricultural production is 90.5 percent 
of its 2011 base, up 0.8 percent from the July 2019 index and 0.9 percent 
from the August 2018 index.

Crop production: The August index, at 87.4, is 0.8 percent higher than July 
but 2.6 percent lower than August 2018. The fruit & tree nut index increase 
more than offset the vegetable & melon, grain & oilseed, and other crop index 
decreases.

Grain and oilseed: The August index, at 65.4, is down 2.5 percent from July 
but unchanged from August 2018. The feed grain, food grain, and oilseed 
indexes all decreased from the previous month.

Feed grain: The August index, at 66.6, decreased 4.4 percent from last month 
but increased 14.4 percent from a year ago. The corn price, at $3.93 per 
bushel, is down 23 cents from last month but up 57 cents from August 2018. At 
$5.87 per cwt, sorghum grain is $1.16 lower than July and 61 cents lower than 
August a year earlier.

Food grain: At 61.8, the index for August is down 2.1 percent from the 
previous month and 17.8 percent from a year ago. The August price for all 
wheat, at $4.35 per bushel, is 17 cents lower than July and 96 cents lower 
than August 2018.

Oilseed: At 67.2, the index for August decreased 0.9 percent from July and 
4.1 percent from August 2018. The soybean price, at $8.22 per bushel, is 
16 cents lower than July and 37 cents lower than August a year earlier.

Fruit and tree nut: The August index, at 124.8, is up 2.0 percent from July 
but down 2.4 percent from a year earlier. Price increases during August for 
lemons, strawberries, peaches, and apples more than offset price decreases 
for grapes, grapefruit, and pears.

Vegetable and melon: At 105.0, the index for August decreased 12.4 percent 
from the previous month but increased 12.8 percent from August 2018. Price 
declines during August for lettuce, onions, cauliflower, and celery more than 
offset price increases for sweet corn, potatoes, broccoli, and tomatoes.

Other crop: The August index, at 86.3, is down 6.5 percent from the previous 
month and 6.8 percent from August 2018. The all hay price, at $162.00 per 
ton, is $3.00 lower than July and $1.00 lower than August 2018. At 56.6 cents 
per pound, the price for upland cotton is 17.4 cents lower than July and 
13.1 cents lower than August 2018.

Livestock production: The index for August, at 93.7, increased 0.2 percent 
from the previous month and 4.5 percent from August a year earlier. Compared 
with a year ago, prices are higher for milk, hogs, turkeys, and cattle. 
Prices for broilers, market eggs, and calves are lower than a year earlier.

Meat animal: At 94.7, the August index was unchanged from the previous month 
but increased 4.6 percent from a year earlier. At $58.50 per cwt, the August 
hog price is $1.90 higher than July and $14.20 higher than a year earlier. 
The August beef cattle price of $111.00 per cwt is $1.00 lower than the 
previous month but $1.00 higher than August 2018.

Dairy: The index for August, at 94.0, is up 1.1 percent from the previous 
month and 17.4 percent from August a year ago. The August all milk price of 
$18.90 per cwt is 20 cents higher than July and $2.80 higher than August 
2018. 

Poultry and egg: At 91.2, the August index decreased 0.3 percent from July 
and 12.4 percent from August 2018. The August market egg price, at 66.2 cents 
per dozen, is 43.8 cents higher than July but 22.8 cents lower than 
August 2018. The August broiler price, at 42.1 cents per pound, is 6.6 cents 
lower than July and 6.9 cents lower than a year ago. At 59.2 cents per pound, 
the August turkey price is 1.6 cents higher than the previous month and 
7.5 cents higher than August 2018.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :  August   :   July    :  August   
           Index Group          :   2018    :   2019    :   2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    89.7        89.8        90.5   
  Crop production ..............:    89.7        86.7        87.4   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    65.4        67.1        65.4   
      Feed grain ...............:    58.2        69.7        66.6   
      Food grain ...............:    75.2        63.1        61.8   
      Oilseed ..................:    70.1        67.8        67.2   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   127.9       122.3       124.8   
    Vegetable and melon ........:    93.1       119.9       105.0   
    Other crop .................:    92.6        92.3        86.3   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:    89.7        93.5        93.7   
    Meat animal ................:    90.5        94.7        94.7   
      Cattle ...................:    96.5        97.6        96.7   
      Hog ......................:    66.6        85.1        88.0   
    Dairy ......................:    80.1        93.0        94.0   
    Poultry and egg ............:   104.1        91.5        91.2   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:    92.1        92.1        93.5   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States:
August 2019 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :  August   :   July    :  August   
           Index Group          :   2018    :   2019    :   2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    925         927         934    
  Crop production ..............:    782         756         762    
  Livestock production .........:   1041        1085        1088    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2018 and 2019
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent      -- percent --      percent    
               :                                                               
January .......: 86.0    85.1    78.6    77.1    94.4     97.2   92.7    92.3  
February ......: 90.9    89.2    86.8    83.5    93.9     94.7   95.2    93.8  
March .........: 94.9    91.8    87.9    85.6    99.5     97.5   99.7    97.1  
April .........: 92.8    92.7    88.3    84.4    95.7    100.0   96.1    97.4  
May ...........: 94.7    91.9    89.0    83.9    98.3     98.8   98.1    95.9  
June ..........: 95.1    92.5    90.3    87.8    98.5     97.0   98.9    95.8  
July ..........: 91.7    89.8    86.9    86.7    95.6     93.5   95.0    92.1  
August ........: 89.7    90.5    89.7    87.4    89.7     93.7   92.1    93.5  
September .....: 88.4            88.1            88.7            90.9          
October .......: 85.2            80.2            91.4            88.9          
November ......: 88.4            84.1            92.7            94.2          
December ......: 90.1            87.6            92.4            94.5          
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2018 and 2019
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 108.2   110.8   105.4   107.6   109.5   112.1   106.8   109.4 
February ......: 108.9   111.0   106.3   107.7   109.7   112.3   108.0   109.5 
March .........: 108.9   111.1   106.3   107.8   109.8   112.2   107.9   109.9 
April .........: 108.6   111.6   106.1   108.6   109.5   112.1   107.6   111.0 
May ...........: 109.1   111.0   106.6   107.7   109.8   112.0   108.2   109.9 
June ..........: 108.9   110.5   106.3   107.0   109.9   111.9   107.7   108.9 
July ..........: 109.0   110.5   106.0   107.0   110.3   112.0   107.6   108.9 
August ........: 109.2   109.9   106.2   106.2   110.4   111.7   107.8   108.1 
September .....: 109.2           106.2           110.4           107.7         
October .......: 109.8           106.8           110.8           108.5         
November ......: 109.8           107.0           111.3           108.2         
December ......: 110.1           107.3           111.3           108.7         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  : August 2018  :  July 2019   : August 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79            4.54           4.69           4.74   
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59            3.12           3.89           3.43   
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83            4.68           4.83           4.89   
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60           26.40          23.80          24.20   
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10           15.30          14.80          14.50   
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70           33.50          21.40          19.80   
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20           36.30          21.50          19.50   
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40           25.70          20.60          21.40   
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02            3.36           4.16           3.93   
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880           0.697          0.740          0.566   
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00          134.00           (NA)         149.00   
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20           10.20           9.10           8.84   
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00          163.00         165.00         162.00   
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00          177.00         183.00         179.00   
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00          133.00         136.00         127.00   
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50           18.00          13.30          13.40   
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42            2.47           3.08           2.76   
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252           0.220          0.206          0.205   
                                          :                                                           
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60           10.10           9.24           9.16   
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70           14.30          12.60          12.00   
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30           11.90          10.70          10.70   
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40           19.50          18.30          18.00   
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70            6.48           7.03           5.87   
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50            8.59           8.38           8.22   
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00           16.90          18.10          17.90   
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44            5.31           4.52           4.35   
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93            5.24           4.47           4.28   
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22            5.05           5.53           4.67   
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33            5.41           4.65           4.45   
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07            5.25           4.29           3.88   
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77            5.14           5.07           4.91   
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38            5.43           4.62           4.39   
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58            5.23           5.47           5.29   
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47            9.57          11.34           5.81   
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30             (S)          22.12          27.97   
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16           17.73           7.26           7.31   
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh                        :                                                           
  Apples 1/ .................dollars/pound:     0.325           0.296          0.388          0.402   
  Grapes 1/ ...................dollars/ton:    628.00        1,310.00       1,400.00       1,260.00   
  Peaches 1/ ..................dollars/ton:    507.00        1,110.00       1,090.00       1,150.00   
  Pears 1/ ....................dollars/ton:    559.00          688.00         781.00         696.00   
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00           50.50          79.20          83.30   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, Michigan, New York (apples only),           
     Pennsylvania (apples only), and Washington (apples, peaches, and pears). Prices as sold for other
     states.                                                                                          

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
[Price data source for potato, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  : August 2018  :  July 2019   : August 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50           (S)             (S)           (S)    
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00           (S)           60.60           (S)    
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60         53.90           40.20         43.60    
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50         16.90           21.80           (S)    
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80         25.80           28.60         28.50    
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00         39.80           65.40         57.70    
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50         16.80           26.60         23.30    
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70         24.40           35.90         51.80    
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70         17.80           23.60         18.80    
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30         27.80           41.50         22.70    
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90         15.20           39.80         30.30    
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30         11.20           13.30         14.50    
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20         29.90           32.10         34.20    
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00        160.00          144.00        142.00    
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00        110.00          112.00        111.00    
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60         63.00           67.00         68.30    
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00        112.00          113.00        112.00    
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00          (NA)        1,240.00          (NA)    
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50         44.30           56.60         58.50    
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80         44.70           57.40         59.30    
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90         34.00           35.60         38.30    
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10         16.10           18.70         18.90    
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71          3.76            3.75          3.78    
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459         0.490           0.487         0.421    
 Eggs, all 7/ ...............dollars/dozen:      0.969          1.09           0.512         0.891    
  Market 7/ 8/ ..............dollars/dozen:      0.796         0.890           0.224         0.662    
 Turkeys, live 9/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680         0.517           0.576         0.592    
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979          1.05           0.530         0.864    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101           104              97           103    
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20         16.00           19.10         18.70    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100           101              98           101    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Point of first sale.                                                                             
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Mid-month price.                                                                                 
8/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
9/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   4.01        4.65        5.28        3.40        3.29        3.56        9.71        9.30        8.64    
February ...:   4.16        4.92        5.33        3.44        3.38        3.60        9.86        9.50        8.52    
March ......:   4.37        5.10        5.19        3.49        3.51        3.61        9.69        9.81        8.52    
April ......:   4.16        5.28        4.93        3.43        3.58        3.53        9.33        9.85        8.28    
May ........:   4.05        5.39        4.78        3.45        3.68        3.63        9.29        9.84        8.02    
June .......:   4.37        5.19        4.81        3.43        3.58        3.98        9.10        9.55        8.31    
July .......:   4.77        5.00        4.52        3.49        3.47        4.16        9.42        9.08        8.38    
August .....:   4.84        5.31        4.35        3.27        3.36        3.93        9.24        8.59        8.22    
September ..:   4.65        5.15                    3.27        3.40                    9.35        8.78                
October ....:   4.64        5.22                    3.26        3.42                    9.18        8.59                
November ...:   4.72        5.23                    3.15        3.41                    9.22        8.36                
December ...:   4.50        5.28                    3.23        3.54                    9.30        8.56                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2019
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  117.00      120.00      121.00       48.10       52.50       44.60   
February .:  119.00      125.00      123.00       54.40       54.60       43.40   
March ....:  125.00      125.00      126.00       53.00       50.00       46.50   
April ....:  128.00      119.00      125.00       48.40       45.30       59.40   
May ......:  136.00      120.00      120.00       53.60       51.50       62.30   
June .....:  132.00      112.00      114.00       62.10       59.10       59.50   
July .....:  120.00      110.00      112.00       67.30       58.60       56.60   
August ...:  114.00      110.00      111.00       61.50       44.30       58.50   
September :  105.00      108.00                   48.90       43.20               
October ..:  109.00      110.00                   47.30       50.30               
November .:  119.00      113.00                   50.00       46.20               
December .:  118.00      117.00                   48.60       43.40               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                4.68                 (D)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        5.07                4.27                3.71       
Idaho ..............:        5.11                5.10                4.98       
Illinois ...........:        5.01                4.92                4.67       
Indiana ............:        5.25                4.91                4.62       
Kansas .............:        5.16                4.21                3.70       
Michigan ...........:        5.27                5.28                5.08       
Minnesota ..........:        5.43                4.97                4.53       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        4.99                5.00                4.86       
Montana ............:        5.34                4.71                4.53       
Nebraska ...........:        5.06                4.16                3.64       
North Carolina .....:        5.01                5.45                5.11       
North Dakota .......:        5.27                4.49                4.32       
Ohio ...............:        5.49                5.22                5.11       
Oklahoma ...........:        5.65                4.32                3.88       
Oregon .............:        5.81                5.52                5.34       
South Dakota .......:        5.47                4.82                4.35       
Texas ..............:        5.02                4.45                4.14       
Washington .........:        5.45                5.74                5.45       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.31                4.52                4.35       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                4.68                 (D)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        5.07                4.27                3.71       
Idaho ..............:        4.98                5.05                4.96       
Illinois ...........:        5.01                4.92                4.67       
Indiana ............:        5.25                4.91                4.62       
Kansas .............:        5.16                4.21                3.70       
Michigan ...........:        5.27                5.28                5.08       
Minnesota ..........:        4.33                 (D)                4.02       
Missouri ...........:        4.99                5.00                4.86       
                    :                                                           
Montana ............:        5.22                4.68                4.32       
Nebraska ...........:        5.06                4.16                3.64       
North Carolina .....:        5.01                5.45                5.11       
North Dakota .......:        5.18                4.13                3.99       
Ohio ...............:        5.49                5.22                5.11       
Oklahoma ...........:        5.65                4.32                3.88       
Oregon .............:        5.73                5.52                5.33       
South Dakota .......:        5.36                4.67                4.30       
Texas ..............:        5.02                4.45                4.14       
Washington .........:        5.41                5.73                5.46       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.24                4.47                4.28       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        5.39                4.87                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        4.95                4.71                4.63       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.05                5.53                4.67       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:        5.34                5.18                5.00       
Minnesota ..........:        5.43                4.97                4.53       
Montana ............:        5.72                4.71                4.84       
North Dakota .......:        5.30                4.47                4.25       
Oregon .............:        6.21                5.54                5.39       
South Dakota .......:        5.52                4.96                4.48       
Washington .........:        5.69                5.77                5.38       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.41                4.65                4.45       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Iowa ...............:        2.70                3.60                3.25       
Michigan ...........:        2.99                 (D)                3.24       
Minnesota ..........:        2.18                3.13                2.78       
Montana ............:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Nebraska ...........:        2.64                3.34                2.38       
New York ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        2.17                2.39                2.22       
Oregon .............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:        3.35                3.70                3.91       
South Dakota .......:        2.39                3.09                2.72       
Texas ..............:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        2.60                3.07                3.03       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        2.47                3.08                2.76       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.25                 (D)                4.65       
Idaho ..............:        4.87                5.15                5.02       
Minnesota ..........:        4.15                 (D)                4.48       
Montana ............:        4.53                3.55                4.78       
North Dakota .......:        4.15                4.22                4.13       
Washington .........:        4.39                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:        4.70                 (D)                4.94       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.54                4.69                4.74       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.43                 (D)                4.70       
Idaho ..............:        4.98                5.20                5.12       
Minnesota ..........:        4.32                 (D)                4.49       
Montana ............:        4.61                 (D)                4.83       
North Dakota .......:        4.38                4.39                4.39       
Washington .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:        4.71                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.68                4.83                4.89       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:        3.17                3.67                3.61       
Minnesota ..........:        2.96                 (S)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        3.78                3.06                3.23       
North Dakota .......:        2.63                3.24                3.34       
Washington .........:        2.83                3.32                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.12                3.89                3.43       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Kansas .............:        5.37                6.36                6.08       
Louisiana ..........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Missouri ...........:         (D)                 (S)                7.59       
Nebraska ...........:        5.53                6.32                5.50       
Oklahoma ...........:        5.83                6.59                5.72       
Texas ..............:        6.67                7.16                5.83       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        6.48                7.03                5.87       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :   August 2018    :    July 2019     :   August 2019    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Alabama ................:        4.00               4.70               3.96      
Alaska .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Arizona ................:        4.72                (D)                (D)      
Arkansas ...............:        3.92               4.05               3.98      
California .............:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Colorado ...............:        3.41               4.18               4.04      
Connecticut ............:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Delaware ...............:         (S)                (D)                (D)      
Florida ................:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Georgia ................:        4.11                (D)               4.30      
                        :                                                        
Hawaii .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Idaho ..................:        4.00                (D)                (D)      
Illinois ...............:        3.35               4.20               3.88      
Indiana ................:        3.54               4.55               4.27      
Iowa ...................:        3.27               4.11               3.91      
Kansas .................:        3.53               4.09               3.84      
Kentucky ...............:        3.69               4.40               4.21      
Louisiana ..............:        3.88                (D)               4.05      
Maine ..................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Maryland ...............:         (D)               5.14               4.37      
                        :                                                        
Massachusetts ..........:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Michigan ...............:        3.67               4.49               4.31      
Minnesota ..............:        3.21               3.88               3.71      
Mississippi ............:        3.81                (D)               4.00      
Missouri ...............:        3.50               4.24               4.06      
Montana ................:         (D)                (S)                (D)      
Nebraska ...............:        3.37               4.12               3.80      
Nevada .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
New Hampshire ..........:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
New Jersey .............:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
New Mexico .............:         (S)                (D)                (D)      
New York ...............:        4.15               4.56               4.20      
North Carolina .........:         (D)               4.86               4.56      
North Dakota ...........:        3.09               3.72               3.46      
Ohio ...................:        3.55               4.59               4.30      
Oklahoma ...............:        3.80               4.36               4.06      
Oregon .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Pennsylvania ...........:        4.09               4.74               4.48      
Rhode Island ...........:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
South Carolina .........:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
South Dakota ...........:        3.14               3.99               3.77      
Tennessee ..............:        3.64               4.56               4.02      
Texas ..................:        3.92               4.66               4.03      
Utah ...................:         (S)                (S)                (D)      
Vermont ................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Virginia ...............:        4.16               4.93               4.14      
Washington .............:        3.79                (D)                (D)      
West Virginia ..........:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Wisconsin ..............:        3.35               3.98               3.89      
Wyoming ................:         (S)                (S)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
United States 1/ .......:        3.36               4.16               3.93      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                 
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                     
1/  United States price includes Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas,      
    Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North     
    Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin.   

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                8.53               8.46        
Illinois ...........:        8.50                8.72               8.46        
Indiana ............:        8.85                8.80               8.60        
Iowa ...............:        8.38                8.38               8.28        
Kansas .............:        8.50                8.07               8.00        
Kentucky ...........:        8.78                8.75               8.46        
Louisiana ..........:        9.34                8.20               8.25        
Michigan ...........:        9.24                8.60               8.50        
Minnesota ..........:        8.70                8.31               8.09        
Mississippi ........:        9.83                 (D)               8.08        
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        9.00                8.54               8.29        
Nebraska ...........:        8.07                8.15               7.84        
North Carolina .....:        8.67                8.60               8.39        
North Dakota .......:        7.97                7.75               7.52        
Ohio ...............:        8.81                8.65               8.60        
South Dakota .......:        8.18                7.98               7.74        
Tennessee ..........:        9.50                8.72               8.39        
Wisconsin ..........:        8.70                8.31               8.25        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        8.59                8.38               8.22        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:       23.10               21.70                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:       25.40                 (D)               21.30       
Michigan ...........:         (D)               30.00                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       23.40               21.60               21.40       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       26.40               23.80               24.20       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       15.40               14.90               14.30       
Oklahoma ...........:       10.90               10.30                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       15.30               14.80               14.50       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:       0.215                0.197               0.198      
Arkansas ...........:       0.193                0.189               0.208      
Florida ............:       0.214                0.201               0.206      
Georgia ............:       0.220                0.199               0.202      
Mississippi ........:       0.201                  (S)               0.194      
New Mexico .........:       0.249                  (S)                 (S)      
North Carolina .....:       0.244                0.222               0.222      
Oklahoma ...........:       0.236                0.178               0.229      
South Carolina .....:       0.224                0.203               0.201      
Texas ..............:       0.223                0.228               0.253      
Virginia ...........:       0.242                0.218               0.218      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       0.220                0.206               0.205      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
North Dakota .......:       10.20               9.10                8.84        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       10.20               9.10                8.84        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:       18.00                 (D)                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)               17.10       
North Dakota .......:       17.70               20.00               19.50       
South Dakota .......:       15.70               16.50               17.00       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       16.90               18.10               17.90       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Cottonseed marketing year August - February]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :             Cotton, Upland              :               Cottonseed                
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   August    :    July     :   August    :   August    :    July     :   August    
                    :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   -------- dollars per pound --------       --------- dollars per ton ---------   
                    :                                                                                   
Alabama ............:       (S)           (D)           (D)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
Arizona ............:       (S)           (S)           (S)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
Arkansas ...........:       (S)           (D)           (D)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
California .........:       (S)           (S)           (D)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
Georgia ............:       (S)         0.759           (D)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
Louisiana ..........:       (S)           (D)           (D)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
Mississippi ........:       (S)           (D)           (D)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
North Carolina .....:       (S)         0.763           (D)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
Tennessee ..........:       (S)           (D)           (D)          (NA)        (NA)            (NA)   
Texas ..............:     0.697         0.516         0.576        134.00        (NA)          149.00   
                    :                                                                                   
United States ......:     0.697         0.740         0.566        134.00        (NA)          149.00   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                       
(NA) Not available.                                                                                     
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                           

Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item               :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   :                                                           
Cotton, Upland                     :                                                           
  Average price ......dollars/pound:       0.697               0.740               0.566       
  Marketings 1/ ........1,000 bales:         167                 866                  74       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, all                          :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       14.30               12.60               12.00       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:       4,529              11,072               9,615       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, long                         :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       11.90               10.70               10.70       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:       3,101               8,253               7,890       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, medium and short             :                                                           
California                         :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       20.40               19.40               19.40       
                                   :                                                           
Other States 3/                    :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       14.00               13.30               12.10       
                                   :                                                           
United States                      :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       19.50               18.30               18.00       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:       1,428               2,819               1,725       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Marketings based on a survey of cotton buyers in the major producing States - Alabama,      
   Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee,  
   and Texas.                                                                                  
2/ Purchases by private firms and rice (rough equivalent) shipped by cooperatives.             
3/ Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.                 

Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :            All hay             :          Alfalfa hay           :           Other hay            
         State        :--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :  August  :   July   :  August  :  August  :   July   :  August  :  August  :   July   :  August  
                      :   2018   :   2019   :   2019   :   2018   :   2019   :   2019   :   2018   :   2019   :   2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                                         dollars per ton                                          
                      :                                                                                                  
Arizona ..............:  218.00     190.00     190.00     220.00     190.00     190.00     200.00     200.00     200.00  
California ...........:  181.00     182.00     183.00     195.00     195.00     195.00     145.00     140.00     150.00  
Colorado .............:  215.00     230.00     225.00     215.00     230.00     225.00     215.00     230.00     225.00  
Idaho ................:  144.00     155.00     159.00     140.00     155.00     160.00     180.00     150.00     150.00  
Illinois .............:  139.00     156.00     154.00     165.00     170.00     170.00     105.00     135.00     125.00  
Iowa .................:  106.00     112.00     116.00     110.00     123.00     121.00      88.00      95.00      97.00  
Kansas ...............:  146.00     143.00     135.00     164.00     150.00     142.00     106.00      96.00     103.00  
Kentucky .............:  170.00     155.00     156.00     220.00     210.00     210.00     150.00     135.00     130.00  
Michigan .............:  145.00     168.00     161.00     150.00     185.00     175.00     130.00     120.00     115.00  
Minnesota ............:   87.00     124.00     105.00      95.00     151.00     131.00      73.00      97.00      78.00  
                      :                                                                                                  
Missouri .............:  117.00     124.00     120.00     160.00     150.00     150.00     110.00     120.00     115.00  
Montana ..............:  147.00     149.00     146.00     150.00     150.00     145.00     135.00     145.00     150.00  
Nebraska .............:  102.00     108.00     103.00     111.00     118.00     111.00      83.00      88.00      85.00  
Nevada ...............:  170.00     170.00     170.00     170.00     170.00     170.00     170.00     175.00     175.00  
New Mexico ...........:  231.00     226.00     223.00     240.00     235.00     230.00     175.00     180.00     185.00  
New York .............:  134.00     170.00     170.00     160.00     191.00     191.00     130.00     165.00     165.00  
North Dakota .........:   86.00      86.00      83.00      91.00      90.00      89.00      69.00      70.00      65.00  
Ohio .................:  153.00     176.00     166.00     185.00     210.00     200.00     120.00     130.00     115.00  
Oklahoma .............:  110.00     109.00      93.00     193.00     170.00     150.00     100.00     104.00      85.00  
Oregon ...............:  197.00     205.00     203.00     200.00     205.00     205.00     190.00     205.00     200.00  
                      :                                                                                                  
Pennsylvania .........:  153.00     198.00     183.00     189.00     240.00     196.00     136.00     187.00     179.00  
South Dakota .........:   92.00      97.00      96.00      94.00     100.00     100.00      82.00      88.00      81.00  
Texas ................:  145.00     141.00     118.00     198.00     188.00     179.00     120.00     121.00      95.00  
Utah .................:  169.00     180.00     180.00     170.00     180.00     180.00     130.00     145.00     145.00  
Washington ...........:  178.00     198.00     195.00     175.00     200.00     200.00     185.00     195.00     185.00  
Wisconsin ............:  122.00     155.00     170.00     134.00     167.00     192.00      91.00     125.00     112.00  
Wyoming ..............:  165.00     163.00     173.00     170.00     170.00     180.00     140.00     140.00     150.00  
                      :                                                                                                  
United States ........:  163.00     165.00     162.00     177.00     183.00     179.00     133.00     136.00     127.00  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - States and 5-State Total:
August 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    August 2018    :     July 2019     :    August 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per ton                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:       (NA)               220.00              215.00       
Idaho ..............:       (NA)               190.00              190.00       
Michigan ...........:       (NA)               190.00              180.00       
Minnesota ..........:       (NA)               203.00              209.00       
New York ...........:       (NA)               246.00              246.00       
Pennsylvania .......:       (NA)               256.00              278.00       
Texas ..............:       (NA)               229.00              223.00       
Wisconsin ..........:       (NA)               223.00              250.00       
                    :                                                           
5-State Total 1/ 2/ :       (NA)               209.00              208.00       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   5-State total represents a weighted (hay purchases) average price for the  
     five largest milk producing States (based on the pounds of milk produced   
     during the previous month).                                                
2/   For May 2019, includes California, Idaho, New York, Texas, and Wisconsin.  
     For June 2019, includes California, Idaho, New York, Texas, and Wisconsin. 

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: August 2018
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)         12.67           (D)          (D)           9.57           (D)          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    White ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Red .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:      (D)         12.67           (D)          (D)           9.57           (D)          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  California ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    39.60         20.89         29.68          (D)          18.06         26.92          (D)     
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:    39.60         20.89         29.68          (D)          18.06         26.92          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas, all ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    39.60         20.58         29.68          (D)          17.73         26.92          (D)     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: July 2019
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)         14.23           (D)          (D)          11.34           (D)          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    White ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Red .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:      (D)         14.23           (D)          (D)          11.34           (D)          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  California ........................:    46.20         28.43         35.97          (D)          22.12         29.32          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    46.20         28.43         35.97          (D)          22.12         29.32          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    23.70          9.60         13.58          (D)           6.71         10.76          (D)     
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:    23.70          9.60         13.58          (D)           6.71         10.76          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:    29.30           (S)         17.95          (S)            (S)         14.70          (S)     
  Texas, all ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    23.90         10.16         13.75          (D)           7.26         10.91          (D)     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: August 2019
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)          9.07           (D)          (D)           5.81           (D)          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    White ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Red .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas .............................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:      (D)          9.07           (D)          (D)           5.81           (D)          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  California ........................:    49.30         34.57         38.87          (D)          27.97         32.09          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    49.30         34.57         38.87          (D)          27.97         32.09          (D)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    23.50         10.14         13.38          (D)           7.26         10.56          (D)     
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:    23.50         10.14         13.38          (D)           7.26         10.56          (D)     
  Florida, all ......................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
  Texas, all ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Early and mids ..................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)          (S)            (S)           (S)          (S)     
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    23.50         10.18         13.39          (D)           7.31         10.56          (D)     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
[Before deduction for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes
hauling subsidies]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :       August 2018       :        July 2019        :        August 2019        
        State       :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     Price     :Fat test :     Price     :Fat test :     Price     : Fat test  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :dollars per cwt  percent  dollars per cwt  percent  dollars per cwt   percent  
                    :                                                                               
Arizona ............:     15.50        3.57         18.40        3.69         18.60         3.66    
California .........:     15.85        3.79         18.60        3.71         18.70         3.71    
Colorado ...........:     16.40        3.63         18.80        3.65         19.10         3.65    
Florida ............:     19.50        3.69         22.20        3.62         23.10         3.68    
Georgia 1/ .........:     17.00        3.57         20.10        3.59         21.10         3.63    
Idaho ..............:     15.90        3.79         18.20        3.78         18.30         3.82    
Illinois ...........:     16.10        3.75         18.80        3.76         19.20         3.78    
Indiana ............:     15.20        3.63         18.00        3.68         18.50         3.72    
Iowa ...............:     16.50        3.81         18.70        3.77         19.30         3.84    
Kansas .............:     14.90        3.73         17.60        3.78         17.70         3.83    
                    :                                                                               
Michigan ...........:     14.60        3.69         17.30        3.67         17.60         3.69    
Minnesota ..........:     16.60        3.85         19.20        3.86         19.40         3.92    
New Mexico .........:     14.40        3.60         17.20        3.63         17.20         3.64    
New York ...........:     16.40        3.71         18.80        3.73         19.10         3.74    
Ohio ...............:     15.80        3.75         18.40        3.71         18.80         3.72    
Oregon .............:     18.10        3.86         21.50        3.94         21.50         3.96    
Pennsylvania .......:     16.40        3.67         19.10        3.68         19.40         3.71    
South Dakota .......:     17.10        3.99         19.80        4.00         20.20         4.05    
Texas ..............:     16.50        3.95         19.10        3.99         19.20         4.02    
Utah ...............:     15.80        3.73         18.20        3.75         18.60         3.76    
                    :                                                                               
Vermont ............:     16.70        3.75         19.20        3.78         19.50         3.80    
Virginia ...........:     17.10        3.67         19.50        3.62         20.30         3.66    
Washington .........:     16.40        3.86         19.10        3.94         19.20         3.96    
Wisconsin ..........:     16.30        3.73         18.80        3.73         19.10         3.77    
                    :                                                                               
United States ......:     16.10        3.76         18.70        3.75         18.90         3.78    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Beginning in June 2019, Georgia was added to the monthly price program.                          

Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: July 2019
with Comparisons
[Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Quarterly United States milk cow
prices are based on revised milk cow inventory]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2018     :    April 2019     :     July 2019     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per head                      
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:       1,450               1,300               1,350       
California .........:       1,300               1,100               1,300       
Colorado ...........:       1,450               1,200               1,200       
Florida ............:       1,430               1,200               1,220       
Georgia 1/ .........:       1,350               1,200               1,260       
Idaho ..............:       1,500               1,200               1,300       
Illinois ...........:       1,250               1,170               1,200       
Indiana ............:       1,200               1,100               1,150       
Iowa ...............:       1,220               1,090               1,180       
Kansas .............:       1,450               1,300               1,300       
                    :                                                           
Michigan ...........:       1,300               1,180               1,250       
Minnesota ..........:       1,170               1,060               1,100       
New Mexico .........:       1,500               1,200               1,250       
New York ...........:       1,200               1,090               1,180       
Ohio ...............:       1,100               1,000               1,050       
Oregon .............:       1,450               1,200               1,300       
Pennsylvania .......:       1,250               1,090               1,160       
South Dakota .......:       1,300               1,170               1,170       
Texas ..............:       1,500               1,250               1,350       
Utah ...............:       1,400               1,100               1,100       
                    :                                                           
Vermont ............:       1,400               1,120               1,250       
Virginia ...........:       1,200                 980               1,070       
Washington .........:       1,400               1,150               1,250       
Wisconsin ..........:       1,250               1,130               1,210       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       1,320               1,140               1,240       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Beginning in June 2019, Georgia was added to the quarterly milk cow price    
   program.                                                                     

Parity Price Overview

Parity prices, based on data from January 2017, and adjusted base price data 
from which parity prices are computed are presented in the tables on the 
following pages. Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title 
III. Subtitle A, Section 301(a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as 
amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, 1954, and 1956.

The parity prices shown in this report are based on the provisions of the 
amended Act. Briefly, the actual method of computation is as follows:

a. The average of prices received by farmers for individual commodities for 
the 10 preceding years is calculated (for 2017, the 10-average includes the 
years 2007-2016). An allowance for unredeemed loans and other supplemental 
payments resulting from price support programs, such as the deficiency 
payments for grains and cotton, is included for those commodities for which 
applicable.

b. This 10-year average is divided by the average of the Index of Prices 
Received by Farmers for the same 10 preceding calendar years, adjusted to 
include an allowance for unredeemed loans and other supplemental price 
support operations, to give an "adjusted base price".

c. Parity prices are computed by multiplying the "adjusted base prices" by 
the current Parity Index (the Index of Prices Paid by Farmers, including 
Interest, Taxes, and Wage Rates, 1910-1914=100).

Parity prices are calculated in terms of prices received by farmers in the 
local markets in which they ordinarily sell. This means that the parity 
prices apply to the average of all classes and grades of the commodity as 
sold by all farmers in the United States, except as otherwise specified. 
Fruits and vegetables for fresh use and for processing are usually considered 
separate commodities and separate parity prices are calculated. The 
Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 provided for parity prices for 
certain commodities covered by a marketing agreement or order program. Under 
present legislation, United States parity prices, with appropriate 
adjustments where needed, may be used for the purpose of this Act.

Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956.
See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity price
computations. Parity data not available for blank cells. Primary source of data for livestock and
milk prices is United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :        Parity price         :      Price as percent       
                              :Adjusted :         :                   :          of parity          
      Commodity and unit      :  base   :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :  price  : August  :  July   : August  : August  :  July   : August  
                              :         :  2018   :  2019   :  2019   :  2018   :  2019   :  2019   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :  ------------- dollars -------------      ------- percent ------    
                              :                                                                     
Basic commodities             :                                                                     
  All wheat ............bushel:  0.571     17.60     17.10     17.00      30        26        26    
  Rice ....................cwt:   1.34     40.00     40.10     39.90      36        31        30    
  Corn .................bushel:  0.438     13.20     13.10     13.00      25        32        30    
  Cotton                      :                                                                     
    Upland ..............pound:  0.069      2.00      2.06      2.05      35        36        28    
    American Pima .......pound:  0.140      4.00      4.19      4.17      35        33        33    
  Peanuts ...............pound:  0.023     0.677     0.688     0.684      32        30        30    
  Small chickpeas 1/ ......cwt:   2.42     70.90     72.40     72.00      36        28        30    
  Large chickpeas 1/ ......cwt:   3.26     96.50     97.50     97.00      38        22        20    
  Lentils 1/ ..............cwt:   2.55     78.00     76.30     75.90      23        17        18    
                              :                                                                     
Designated non-basic          :                                                                     
  All milk, to plants 2/ ..cwt:   1.76     52.10     52.60     52.40      31        36        36    
  Honey, extracted 3/ ...pound:  0.186      5.15      5.56      5.53      42        39        39    
                              :                                                                     
Wool and mohair               :                                                                     
  Wool ..................pound:  0.140      3.85      4.19      4.17      38        42        42    
  Mohair ................pound:  0.425     11.90     12.70     12.60      42        41        42    
                              :                                                                     
Other non-basic               :                                                                     
  Apples, fresh 4/ ......pound:  0.035     1.030     1.050     1.040      29        37        39    
  Barley ...............bushel:  0.502     14.90     15.00     14.90      30        31        32    
  Canola ..................cwt:   1.87     55.30     55.90     55.60      28        26        26    
  Cottonseed ..............ton:  19.50    594.00    583.00    580.00      23        30        26    
  Dry edible beans ........cwt:   3.19     95.90     95.40     94.90      28        25        26    
  Flaxseed .............bushel:   1.09     33.80     32.60     32.40      30        28        27    
  Oats .................bushel:  0.288      8.59      8.61      8.57      29        36        32    
  Potatoes, fresh .........cwt:   1.07     32.70     32.00     31.80      34        42        46    
  Sorghum grain ...........cwt:  0.742     22.40     22.20     22.10      29        32        27    
  Soybeans .............bushel:   1.09     32.70     32.60     32.40      26        26        25    
  Sunflower, all ..........cwt:   2.10     64.10     62.80     62.50      26        29        29    
                              :                                                                     
 Citrus (equivalent on-tree)  :                                                                     
  Grapefruit ..............box:  0.837     21.70     25.00     24.90      44        45        23    
  Lemons ..................box:   1.87     55.00     55.90     55.60      82        35        50    
  Oranges .................box:  1.010     26.70     30.20     30.00      66        24        24    
                              :                                                                     
 Livestock and poultry        :                                                                     
  Beef cattle .............cwt:  11.70    335.00    350.00    348.00      33        32        32    
  Broilers ..............pound:  0.052      1.50      1.56      1.55      33        31        27    
  Calves ..................cwt:  17.00    485.00    508.00    506.00      33        28        28    
  Eggs 2/ ...............dozen:  0.102      2.97      3.05      3.03      35        17        29    
  Hogs ....................cwt:   5.69    167.00    170.00    169.00      27        33        35    
  Turkeys, live .........pound:  0.066     1.940     1.970     1.960      27        29        30    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Parity prices began January 2015.                                                                
2/ Seasonally adjusted price as percentage of parity price.                                         
3/ Wholesale extracted. Adjusted base price derived from state annual averages prices weighted by   
   production. For 1982 through 1985 the national averages are the support prices.                  
4/ Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York, Oregon, and Washington. Price at  
   point of first sale for other states.                                                            

Commodity Parity Prices - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956.
See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity
price computations]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :             :              Parity price               
                                          :  Adjusted   :             :             :             
            Commodity and unit            :    base     :-----------------------------------------
                                          :    price    :   August    :    July     :   August    
                                          :             :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                        dollars                        
                                          :                                                       
Field crops and miscellaneous             :                                                       
  Hops ..............................pound:    0.406          11.60         12.10         12.10   
  Mustard seed ........................cwt:     3.15          97.70         94.20         93.70   
  Rapeseed ............................cwt:     2.64          80.00         79.00         78.50   
  Rye ..............................bushel:    0.628          18.50         18.80         18.70   
  Safflower ...........................cwt:     2.19          65.90         65.50         65.20   
  Spearmint oil .....................pound:     1.75          50.90         52.30         52.10   
  Sweet potatoes ......................cwt:     2.06          60.00         61.60         61.30   
                                          :                                                       
  Tobacco                                 :                                                       
    Flue-cured, 11-14 ...............pound:    0.187           5.41          5.59          5.56   
    Fire-cured, 21-23 ...............pound:    0.257           7.47          7.69          7.65   
    Burley, 31 ......................pound:    0.184           5.30          5.50          5.47   
    Maryland, 32 ....................pound:    0.173           5.03          5.17          5.15   
    Dark air-cured, 35-37 ...........pound:    0.229           6.71          6.85          6.81   
    Pennsylvania seedleaf, 41 .......pound:    0.201           5.77          6.01          5.98   
                                          :                                                       
Non-citrus fruit                          :                                                       
  Apples, processing 1/ 2/ ............ton:    20.30         594.00        607.00        604.00   
  Apricots                                :                                                       
    Fresh 3/ ..........................ton:   128.00       3,560.00      3,830.00      3,810.00   
    Dried (California) ................ton:   313.00       9,210.00      9,360.00      9,310.00   
  Avocados 2/ 3/ ......................ton:   198.00       5,880.00      5,920.00      5,890.00   
  Cherries                                :                                                       
    Sweet .............................ton:   210.00       6,330.00      6,280.00      6,250.00   
    Tart 2/ .........................pound:    0.030          0.941         0.897         0.893   
  Cranberry 2/ 4/ ..................barrel:     3.55         114.00        106.00        106.00   
  Dates (California) 3/ ...............ton:   184.00       4,680.00      5,500.00      5,470.00   
                                          :                                                       
  Grapes (California)                     :                                                       
    Raisin variety 5/ .................ton:   147.00       4,320.00      4,400.00      4,370.00   
    Wine, processing ..................ton:    75.90       2,120.00      2,270.00      2,260.00   
  Kiwifruit 2/ ........................ton:   105.00       3,090.00      3,140.00      3,120.00   
  Nectarines, fresh (California) 3/ ...ton:    78.50       2,140.00      2,350.00      2,340.00   
  Olives, canning (California) 4/ .....ton:   111.00       3,120.00      3,320.00      3,300.00   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                       --continued

Commodity Parity Prices - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons (continued)
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of
the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and
1956. See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity
price computations]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :         :                Parity price                
                                         :Adjusted :              :              :              
            Commodity and unit           :  base   :--------------------------------------------
                                         :  price  :    August    :     July     :    August    
                                         :         :     2018     :     2019     :     2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :                       dollars                        
                                         :                                                      
Non-citrus fruit - continued             :                                                      
  Papayas (Hawaii) .................pound:  0.045          1.24           1.35           1.34   
  Peaches                                :                                                      
    Fresh 4/ 6/ ......................ton: 103.00      2,860.00       3,080.00       3,060.00   
    Dried (California) 1/ 5/ .........ton:  43.30      1,270.00       1,300.00       1,290.00   
    Processing, excludes dried           :                                                      
       Clingstone (California) 4/ ....ton:  39.20      1,110.00       1,170.00       1,170.00   
                                         :                                                      
  Pears, Fresh 6/ ....................ton:  63.90      1,870.00       1,910.00       1,900.00   
  Plums (California) equivalent on-tree  :                                                      
    Fresh 7/ .........................ton:  74.50      2,010.00       2,230.00       2,220.00   
  Prunes, dried (California) 1/ 2/ 5/ ton: 178.00      5,030.00       5,320.00       5,300.00   
  Strawberries                           :                                                      
    Fresh 10/ ......................pound:   9.82        283.00         294.00         292.00   
    Processing .....................pound:   3.74        107.00         112.00         111.00   
  Sugar crops                            :                                                      
    Sugar beets 2/ 8/ ................ton:   5.10        150.00         153.00         152.00   
    Sugarcane 2/ 8/ ..................ton:   3.50        102.00         105.00         104.00   
                                         :                                                      
Tree nuts 9/                             :                                                      
  Almonds ..........................pound:  0.253          7.12           7.57           7.53   
  Hazelnuts ..........................ton: 237.00      6,910.00       7,090.00       7,050.00   
  Pistachios .......................pound:  0.244          6.97           7.30           7.26   
  Walnuts ............................ton: 236.00      6,940.00       7,060.00       7,020.00   
                                         :                                                      
Vegetables, fresh 10/                    :                                                      
  Carrots 11/ ........................cwt:   2.82         81.80          84.30          83.90   
  Cauliflower 11/ ....................cwt:   4.66        135.00         139.00         139.00   
  Celery 11/ .........................cwt:   2.05         58.30          61.30          61.00   
  Honeydew melons ....................cwt:   2.04         59.40          61.00          60.70   
  Lettuce ............................cwt:   2.52         71.50          75.40          75.00   
  Onions 11/ .........................cwt:   1.41         41.50          42.20          41.90   
  Tomatoes ...........................cwt:   4.01        119.00         120.00         119.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Equivalent returns at processing plant door.                                                
2/  Adjusted base price is carried forward from the previous year since current marketing year  
    average price is not yet available.                                                         
3/  Equivalent returns at packinghouse door.                                                    
4/  Equivalent returns for bulk fruit at first delivery point.                                  
5/  Dried basis.                                                                                
6/  Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York (apples only), Oregon (except 
    peaches), and Washington. Price at point of first sale for other states.                    
7/  Based on "as sold" prices for fresh fruit in all states.                                    
8/  Relates to prices including average conditional payments per ton made under the sugar acts  
    of 1937 and 1948. Crop deficiency and abandonment payments not included.                    
9/  Prices In-Shell basis except almonds which are shelled basis.                               
10/ FOB shipping point price.                                                                   
11/ Includes some processing.                                                                   

Marketing Year for Specified Commodities

Apples: July to May for Michigan; August to June for all other states.

Austrian Winter Peas: July 1 to June 30 for United States, Idaho, Montana, 
and Oregon.

Canola: July 1 to June 30 for United States and all States.

Corn for grain: September 1 to August 31 for United States, Arizona, 
California, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, 
Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Virginia, 
and West Virginia; July 1 to June 30 for Texas; August 1 to July 31 for 
Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, 
Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Tennessee; October 1 to September 30 for 
Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, 
Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, 
Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Dry Edible Peas: July 1 to June 30 for United States, Idaho, Montana, North 
Dakota, Oregon, and Washington.

Grapes: May 25 to July for Table (California); June 5 to July 31 for Raisin 
(California); August 15 to December 15 for Wine (California and Washington); 
September 15 to November 1 for Juice (Washington); July to October for all 
other States.

Lentils: July 1 to June 30 for United States, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, 
and Washington.

Peaches: July 10 to September 15 for Clingstone (California); April 20 to 
October 10 for Freestone (California); May to August for Georgia and South 
Carolina; July to September for all other States.

Pears: July to December for Bartlett (California, Oregon, and Washington); 
July to June for other (California, Oregon, and Washington).

Sorghum for grain: September 1 to August 31 for United States, Arizona, 
Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, and South Dakota;  
June 1 to May 31 for Texas; August 1 to July 31 for Arkansas, Georgia, 
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Oklahoma.

Soybeans: September 1 to August 31 for United States and all States except 
Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas; July 1 to June 30 for Texas; August 1 to 
July 31 for Louisiana and Mississippi.

Austrian Winter Peas Market Year Average Prices Received - States and
United States: Marketing Years 2016 through 2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :        2016        :        2017        :        2018        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                           dollars                            
                 :                                                              
Idaho ...........:        17.60                11.10                11.50       
Montana .........:          (D)                  (D)                  (D)       
Oregon ..........:          (D)                  (D)                  (D)       
                 :                                                              
United States ...:        18.30                12.70                16.40       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Dry Edible Peas Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 through 2018
[Excludes both wrinkled seed peas and Austrian winter peas]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :        2016        :        2017        :        2018        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                           dollars                            
                 :                                                              
Idaho ...........:        12.20               11.80                11.70        
Montana .........:        10.50               11.00                 9.56        
Nebraska 1/ .....:         (NA)                9.76                10.40        
North Dakota ....:        11.20               12.00                10.50        
Oregon ..........:        12.50               12.50                11.50        
South Dakota 1/ .:         (NA)               11.20                 9.95        
Washington ......:        12.30               13.20                11.60        
                 :                                                              
United States ...:        11.00               11.80                10.50        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Estimates began in 2017.                                                   

Lentils Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 through 2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :        2016        :        2017        :        2018        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                           dollars                            
                 :                                                              
Idaho ...........:       27.30                28.20                24.60        
Montana .........:       28.50                25.30                14.10        
North Dakota ....:       29.40                23.50                14.80        
Washington ......:       27.60                29.40                23.80        
                 :                                                              
United States ...:       28.50                25.90                17.70        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sorghum Grain Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 through 2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :       2016        :       2017        :       2018        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:       5.00                5.66                  (D)       
Colorado ...........:       4.30                5.45                 4.93       
Georgia ............:       6.37                7.96                 7.40       
Illinois ...........:       5.41                6.37                 6.14       
Kansas .............:       4.67                5.58                 5.59       
Louisiana ..........:       6.04                6.19                 6.10       
Mississippi ........:       5.87                5.72                  (D)       
Missouri ...........:       5.20                5.60                 6.40       
Nebraska ...........:       4.89                5.15                 5.45       
New Mexico .........:       5.57                6.12                 6.98       
                    :                                                           
North Carolina 2/ ..:       6.50                6.50                 6.60       
Oklahoma ...........:       4.82                5.64                 5.95       
South Dakota .......:       5.05                5.64                 5.86       
Texas ..............:       5.94                6.30                 6.64       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       4.98                5.75                 5.82       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
1/  Estimates discontinued in 2016.                                             
2/  Estimates began in 2016.                                                    

Canola Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2016 through 2018
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            States            :            2016             :            2017             :            2018             
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :                                     dollars per cwt                                     
                              :                                                                                         
Idaho ........................:            15.40                           (D)                         15.70            
Kansas .......................:            15.30                         15.10                         14.00            
Minnesota ....................:            18.00                           (D)                         17.10            
Montana ......................:            14.60                         15.70                         14.10            
North Dakota .................:            16.80                         17.60                         15.80            
Oklahoma .....................:            12.60                         12.70                         10.80            
Oregon .......................:            16.50                           (D)                         17.00            
Washington ...................:            15.70                         18.10                         16.90            
                              :                                                                                         
Other States 1/ ..............:                -                         17.60                             -            
                              :                                                                                         
United States ................:            16.60                         17.50                         15.80            
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                                                    
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                        
1/  Other States include data withheld above.                                                                           

Soybean Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States:
Marketing Years 2016 through 2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :       2016        :       2017        :       2018        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:        9.83               9.43                8.50        
Arkansas ...........:        9.83               9.77                8.81        
Delaware ...........:        9.44               9.19                8.25        
Florida ............:        8.75               8.85                8.10        
Georgia ............:       10.10               9.62                7.90        
Illinois ...........:        9.78               9.60                8.74        
Indiana ............:        9.69               9.61                8.73        
Iowa ...............:        9.34               9.25                8.46        
Kansas .............:        9.26               9.00                7.93        
Kentucky ...........:        9.87               9.70                8.79        
                    :                                                           
Louisiana ..........:        9.93               9.67                8.95        
Maryland ...........:        9.33               9.20                8.12        
Michigan ...........:        9.51               9.39                8.53        
Minnesota ..........:        9.23               9.17                8.40        
Mississippi ........:        9.94               9.74                8.85        
Missouri ...........:        9.60               9.48                8.56        
Nebraska ...........:        9.18               9.08                8.20        
New Jersey .........:        9.59               9.30                7.98        
New York ...........:        9.57               9.26                8.20        
North Carolina .....:        9.80               9.50                8.66        
                    :                                                           
North Dakota .......:        8.97               8.88                7.98        
Ohio ...............:        9.66               9.62                8.69        
Oklahoma ...........:        9.40               9.10                7.89        
Pennsylvania .......:        9.54               9.34                8.42        
South Carolina .....:        9.68               9.52                9.10        
South Dakota .......:        9.03               8.94                7.97        
Tennessee ..........:        9.78               9.70                8.75        
Texas ..............:        9.16               8.90                7.59        
Virginia ...........:        9.40               9.40                8.30        
West Virginia ......:        9.40               9.40                8.50        
Wisconsin ..........:        9.36               9.34                8.49        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        9.47               9.33                8.48        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Austrian Winter Peas Prices Received and Marketing Percentages by Month -
United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 through 2018-2019
[Marketing year average (MYA) prices are weighted average prices for the
United States marketing year of July - June. Monthly farm marketings, based on a
sample survey, as percent of total used for calculating MYA prices]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :          Prices received          :       Marketing percentages       
   Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
           : 2016-2017 : 2017-2018 : 2018-2019 : 2016-2017 : 2017-2018 : 2018-2019 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :  ------- dollars per cwt ------       ---------- percent ----------   
           :                                                                       
July ......:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (S)   
August ....:   18.80         (D)         (D)        23.2         (D)         (D)   
September .:   17.80         (D)         (D)        44.2         (D)         (D)   
October ...:   22.10         (D)       12.80         9.9         (D)        16.6   
November ..:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
December ..:     (D)       13.90         (D)         (D)        22.3         (D)   
January 1/ :   22.60         (D)         (D)         7.1         (D)         (D)   
February ..:     (D)       10.70       11.70         (D)        30.0         4.8   
March .....:     (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)   
April .....:   19.30         (D)         (S)         0.7         (D)         (S)   
May .......:     (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (S)   
June ......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
           :                                                                       
MYA .......:   18.30       12.70       16.40       100.0       100.0       100.0   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                   
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                       
1/  Second year.                                                                   

Dry Edible Peas Prices Received and Marketing Percentages by Month -
United States: Marketing Years 2016-2017 through 2018-2019
[Marketing year average (MYA) prices are weighted average prices for the
United States marketing year of July - June. Monthly farm marketings, based on a
sample survey, as percent of total used for calculating MYA prices]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :          Prices received          :       Marketing percentages       
   Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
           : 2016-2017 : 2017-2018 : 2018-2019 : 2016-2017 : 2017-2018 : 2018-2019 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :   ------ dollars per cwt ------       ---------- percent ----------   
           :                                                                       
July ......:   11.60        9.97       10.50         5.2         4.3        12.7   
August ....:   10.50       11.10       10.10        26.2         6.4        13.1   
September .:   10.40       12.90       11.30        15.3         9.3         8.7   
October ...:   13.70       12.90       10.30         5.8         9.0        11.1   
November ..:   10.90       12.20        9.67         4.7        10.6         8.1   
December ..:   11.30       12.10       10.50         4.6         6.4        11.0   
January 1/ :   10.70       11.90       11.10         8.9        15.2        14.8   
February ..:   11.60       11.50       10.40         4.7         3.4         4.5   
March .....:   11.00       11.30       10.30         9.1         9.0         5.7   
April .....:   11.50       11.20       10.30         4.2         9.1         3.0   
May .......:   11.60       11.90       11.10         4.2         6.8         1.9   
June ......:   10.80       11.60        9.80         7.1        10.5         5.4   
           :                                                                       
MYA .......:   11.00       11.80       10.50       100.0       100.0       100.0   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                    

Lentils Prices Received and Marketing Percentages by Month - United States:
Marketing Years 2016-2017 through 2018-2019
[Marketing year average (MYA) prices are weighted average prices for the
United States marketing year of July - June. Monthly farm marketings, based on a
sample survey, as percent of total used for calculating MYA prices]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :          Prices received          :       Marketing percentages       
   Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
           : 2016-2017 : 2017-2018 : 2018-2019 : 2016-2017 : 2017-2018 : 2018-2019 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :   ------ dollars per cwt ------       ---------- percent ----------   
           :                                                                       
July ......:   36.60       28.20       19.30         1.2         3.7         2.9   
August ....:   27.20       25.90       18.00        13.1        20.3         8.7   
September .:   26.60       25.90       22.90        21.6        19.2        11.6   
October ...:   27.10       27.90       21.30        12.8        14.5        13.6   
November ..:   27.60       26.90       18.10        11.8         8.6         6.8   
December ..:   31.50       27.70       16.30         5.3         4.9        13.5   
January 1/ :   29.20       29.10       16.20         8.9         5.8        13.8   
February ..:   31.50       27.50       15.40         6.3         3.7         3.6   
March .....:   32.00       23.50       17.60         6.6         4.6         6.5   
April .....:   29.80       21.20       16.00         4.5         7.2         4.2   
May .......:   30.40       22.10       13.30         3.4         2.4         3.9   
June ......:   28.70       20.60       13.70         4.5         5.1        10.9   
           :                                                                       
MYA .......:   28.50       25.90       17.70       100.0       100.0       100.0   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                    

Corn Prices Received and Marketing Percentages by Month - United States: Marketing
Years 2016-2017 through 2018-2019
[Marketing year average (MYA) prices are weighted average prices for the
United States marketing year of September - August. Monthly farm marketings, based
on a sample survey, as percent of total used for calculating MYA prices]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :          Prices received          :       Marketing percentages       
   Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
           : 2016-2017 : 2017-2018 : 2018-2019 : 2016-2017 : 2017-2018 : 2018-2019 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :   ---- dollars per bushel ----        ---------- percent ----------   
           :                                                                       
September .:   3.22        3.27        3.40          7.6         6.2         7.4   
October ...:   3.29        3.26        3.42         13.2         8.4        11.7   
November ..:   3.24        3.15        3.41         11.6        14.4        13.4   
December ..:   3.32        3.23        3.54          8.1         8.8         9.4   
January 1/ :   3.40        3.29        3.56         13.0        13.1        12.1   
February ..:   3.44        3.38        3.60          8.5         9.5         6.3   
March .....:   3.49        3.51        3.61          5.7         7.9         6.3   
April .....:   3.43        3.58        3.53          4.6         6.6         4.8   
May .......:   3.45        3.68        3.63          5.5         5.6         9.2   
June ......:   3.43        3.58        3.98          7.8         5.9         7.6   
July ......:   3.49        3.47        4.16          7.5         6.4         6.3   
August ....:   3.27        3.36        3.93          6.9         7.2         5.5   
           :                                                                       
MYA .......:   3.36        3.36        3.61        100.0       100.0       100.0   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Second year.                                                                    

Sorghum Grain Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 and 2018-2019
[Marketing year: September - August for United States; June - May for Texas;  August - July for Arkansas,
Louisiana, and Oklahoma; September - August for Illinois, Kansas, and Missouri; October - September
for Nebraska]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                           2017-2018                                           
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  :January 1/ 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                        dollars per cwt                                        
                :                                                                                               
Arkansas .......:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)   
Kansas .........:    5.17        5.37        4.90        4.89        5.40        5.39        5.49        5.79   
Louisiana ......:     (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Missouri .......:     (D)        6.29        6.15        5.16        5.26        5.09        5.58        5.39   
Nebraska .......:    5.25        5.19        4.93         (D)        4.55        4.70        5.34        5.70   
Oklahoma .......:    5.28        6.13        4.77        4.90        5.59        5.54        5.62        5.98   
Texas ..........:    6.61        6.76        6.61        6.30        6.25        5.64        5.47        5.60   
                :                                                                                               
United States ..:    5.64        6.60        6.11        5.80        5.42        5.38        5.49        5.76   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   :           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  ------------------------------- dollars per cwt ------------------------------               
                :                                                                                               
Arkansas .......:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (S)               
Kansas .........:    5.99        5.93        6.03        6.03        5.88        5.44        5.37               
Louisiana ......:     (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)               
Missouri .......:    6.34        6.19         (D)        6.13        6.29        5.59         (D)               
Nebraska .......:    6.03        5.95        5.81        6.02        6.01         (D)        5.53               
Oklahoma .......:    6.21        6.37        6.11        6.45        5.83        5.19        5.83               
Texas ..........:    6.22        6.52        6.47        6.55        7.38        7.02        6.67               
                :                                                                                               
United States ..:    6.04        6.00        6.12        6.12        7.05        6.79        6.48               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                           2018-2019                                           
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  :January 1/ 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                        dollars per cwt                                        
                :                                                                                               
Arkansas .......:     (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)   
Kansas .........:    5.88        5.44        5.37        5.35        5.46        5.46        5.61        5.64   
Louisiana ......:     (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (D)         (D)   
Missouri .......:    6.29        5.59         (D)        5.81         (D)        5.83        6.30        6.72   
Nebraska .......:    6.01         (D)        5.53        5.29        5.59        5.38        5.38        5.35   
Oklahoma .......:    5.83        5.19        5.83        5.86        5.89        5.88        5.99        5.95   
Texas ..........:    7.38        7.02        6.67        7.10        6.85        6.21        6.08        6.05   
                :                                                                                               
United States ..:    7.05        6.79        6.48        6.09        5.72        5.53        5.68        5.71   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   :           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  ------------------------------- dollars per cwt ------------------------------               
                :                                                                                               
Arkansas .......:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)               
Kansas .........:    5.63        5.45        5.17        5.52        6.11        6.36        6.08               
Louisiana ......:     (S)         (S)         (D)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (D)               
Missouri .......:    6.94        6.95        6.59        6.78        6.90         (S)        7.59               
Nebraska .......:    5.56        5.32        5.41        5.28        6.21        6.32        5.50               
Oklahoma .......:    5.91        5.69        5.54        5.94        6.87        6.59        5.72               
Texas ..........:    6.46        6.79        6.36        6.75        7.36        7.16        5.83               
                :                                                                                               
United States ..:    5.82        5.86        5.40        5.67        6.48        7.03        5.87               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                    
1/  Second year.                                                                                                

Canola Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018
and 2018-2019
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                               2017-2018                               
     States     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                            dollars per cwt                            
                :                                                                       
Minnesota ......:     (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Montana ........:     (D)       14.70       15.30         (D)       16.00         (D)   
North Dakota ...:   18.30       17.80       17.40       16.60       17.20       16.70   
Oklahoma .......:   13.50       13.10         (D)         (D)         (S)         (S)   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:   17.80       17.70       17.30       16.60       17.20       16.70   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     States     :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                            dollars per cwt                            
                :                                                                       
Minnesota ......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (S)         (D)         (D)   
Montana ........:   17.00       15.20       17.70       17.40         (D)         (D)   
North Dakota ...:   17.70       18.50       18.20       17.50       18.50       18.10   
Oklahoma .......:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)       12.50   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:   17.70       18.30       18.20       17.50       18.50       17.20   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                               2018-2019                               
     States     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                            dollars per cwt                            
                :                                                                       
Minnesota ......:     (D)         (S)       16.90         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Montana ........:     (S)         (D)         (D)       14.50       13.20       13.70   
North Dakota ...:   17.60       15.40       15.20       15.60       16.20       16.40   
Oklahoma .......:   11.40       10.90         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:   17.10       15.30       15.20       15.60       16.10       16.30   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     States     :January 1/ : February  :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                            dollars per cwt                            
                :                                                                       
Minnesota ......:     (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)   
Montana ........:   13.50         (D)         (D)       15.20         (D)       14.20   
North Dakota ...:   16.70       16.20       15.80       15.80       15.20       15.30   
Oklahoma .......:     (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)         (S)       10.40   
                :                                                                       
United States ..:   16.70       16.20       15.80       15.80       15.20       14.90   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                        
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                            
1/  Second year.                                                                        

Soybean Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2017-2018
[Marketing year: September-August for United States; August-July for Louisiana and Mississippi;
September-August for all other monthly marketing estimating States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2017-2018                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  :January 1/ : February  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arkansas .......:     (D)        9.75        9.68         (D)        9.69        9.85       10.10   
Illinois .......:    9.47        9.51        9.48        9.50        9.52        9.57        9.78   
Indiana ........:    9.47        9.50        9.42        9.41        9.56        9.61        9.79   
Iowa ...........:    9.05        9.18        9.15        9.21        9.20        9.15        9.36   
Kansas .........:    9.14        8.86        8.92        8.90        8.90        8.90        9.19   
Kentucky .......:    9.55        9.53        9.54        9.49        9.65        9.66        9.85   
Louisiana ......:    9.75        9.64        9.64        9.72        9.75        9.65        9.75   
Michigan .......:    9.50        9.28        9.21        9.22        9.34        9.31        9.66   
Minnesota ......:    8.88        9.08        9.06        9.07        8.98        9.13        9.24   
Mississippi ....:     (D)        9.74        9.75        9.75        9.81        9.51         (D)   
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:    9.41        9.27        9.35        9.27        9.43        9.39        9.64   
Nebraska .......:    9.00        8.98        9.03        8.83        9.00        9.02        9.29   
North Carolina .:    9.66        9.63        9.58        9.35        9.27        9.42        9.65   
North Dakota ...:    8.52        8.79        8.82        8.80        8.86        8.81        9.09   
Ohio ...........:    9.29        9.46        9.39        9.44        9.65        9.63        9.82   
South Dakota ...:    8.76        8.77        8.85        8.81        8.90        8.88        9.16   
Tennessee ......:    9.61        9.68        9.63        9.66        9.64        9.70        9.89   
Wisconsin ......:    9.34        9.27        9.22        9.40        9.43        9.21        9.43   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    9.24        9.35        9.18        9.22        9.30        9.30        9.50   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   :           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------------------- dollars per bushel ----------------------               
                :                                                                                   
Arkansas .......:   10.10       10.10        9.76        8.64         (D)         (D)               
Illinois .......:   10.00       10.10       10.00        9.79        9.44        8.50               
Indiana ........:   10.10       10.30       10.50       10.20        8.94        8.85               
Iowa ...........:    9.64        9.75        9.58        9.52        9.15        8.38               
Kansas .........:    9.58        9.56        9.59        9.64        8.84        8.50               
Kentucky .......:   10.10       10.20       10.20       10.30        9.84        8.78               
Louisiana ......:   10.00         (D)         (D)         (D)         (D)        9.34               
Michigan .......:    9.98       10.00       10.10        9.85        9.56        9.24               
Minnesota ......:    9.91        9.47        9.73        9.23        8.75        8.70               
Mississippi ....:   10.10       10.00        9.98         (D)         (D)        9.83               
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:    9.86        9.98        9.99        9.60        9.28        9.00               
Nebraska .......:    9.58        9.63        9.63        9.55        9.25        8.07               
North Carolina .:   10.10       10.10       10.10        9.45        8.88        8.67               
North Dakota ...:    9.29        9.32        9.41        8.98        8.45        7.97               
Ohio ...........:   10.10       10.30       10.10        9.67        9.35        8.81               
South Dakota ...:    9.36        9.49        9.46        9.21        8.86        8.18               
Tennessee ......:   10.10       10.10       10.10        9.67        8.92        9.50               
Wisconsin ......:    9.80        9.77        9.84        9.84        9.30        8.70               
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    9.81        9.85        9.84        9.55        9.08        8.59               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

Soybean Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2018-2019
[Marketing year: September-August for United States; August-July for Louisiana and Mississippi;
September-August for all other monthly marketing estimating States]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                     2018-2019                                     
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  :January 1/ : February  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                                dollars per bushel                                 
                :                                                                                   
Arkansas .......:     (D)        9.39        8.61        8.80        9.00       8.96         8.72   
Illinois .......:    8.50        9.08        8.87        8.72        8.81       8.87         8.71   
Indiana ........:    8.85        8.75        8.64        8.60        8.94       8.94         8.91   
Iowa ...........:    8.38        8.44        8.72        8.49        8.42       8.60         8.38   
Kansas .........:    8.50        7.97        7.93        7.78        7.98       8.10         8.18   
Kentucky .......:    8.78        9.22        8.73        8.67        8.76       9.06         8.92   
Louisiana ......:    9.34        9.22        8.79        8.82        9.05       8.60         7.97   
Michigan .......:    9.24        8.72        8.73        8.37        8.49       8.62         8.61   
Minnesota ......:    8.70        8.32        8.61        8.36        8.54       8.58         8.38   
Mississippi ....:    9.83         (D)         (D)        8.80        9.17       8.68          (D)   
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:    9.00        8.64        8.68        8.48        8.60       8.75         8.69   
Nebraska .......:    8.07        8.63        8.33        8.00        8.18       8.33         8.19   
North Carolina .:    8.67        8.89        8.85        8.58        8.65       9.03         8.63   
North Dakota ...:    7.97        8.56        8.37        8.03        8.06       8.05         7.82   
Ohio ...........:    8.81        8.86        8.65        8.67        8.76       9.03         8.85   
South Dakota ...:    8.18        7.96        8.03        7.90        8.17       8.07         8.04   
Tennessee ......:    9.50        9.32        8.77        8.70        8.71       8.99         8.81   
Wisconsin ......:    8.70        8.92        8.70        8.28        8.51       8.48         8.48   
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    8.59        8.78        8.59        8.36        8.56       8.64         8.52   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   March   :   April   :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   :           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  ----------------------- dollars per bushel ----------------------                
                :                                                                                   
Arkansas .......:    8.40        8.09        7.98         (D)        8.53       8.46                
Illinois .......:    8.70        8.41        8.23        8.58        8.72       8.46                
Indiana ........:    8.83        8.57        8.39        8.71        8.80       8.60                
Iowa ...........:    8.46        8.25        7.89        8.28        8.38       8.28                
Kansas .........:    8.05        8.01        7.57        8.08        8.07       8.00                
Kentucky .......:    8.74        8.68        8.28        8.65        8.75       8.46                
Louisiana ......:    8.52        8.06         (D)        7.04        8.20       8.25                
Michigan .......:    8.70        8.22        8.08        8.42        8.60       8.50                
Minnesota ......:    8.57        8.11        8.03        8.27        8.31       8.09                
Mississippi ....:     (D)        8.01         (D)        7.66         (D)       8.08                
                :                                                                                   
Missouri .......:    8.61        8.48        7.99        8.43        8.54       8.29                
Nebraska .......:    8.25        8.09        7.64        8.04        8.15       7.84                
North Carolina .:     (D)        8.38        8.24        8.53        8.60       8.39                
North Dakota ...:    7.83        7.65        7.40        7.64        7.75       7.52                
Ohio ...........:    8.66        8.50        8.14        8.53        8.65       8.60                
South Dakota ...:    8.10        7.88        7.40        7.92        7.98       7.74                
Tennessee ......:    8.64        8.69        8.24        8.62        8.72       8.39                
Wisconsin ......:    8.61        8.23        7.92        8.22        8.31       8.25                
                :                                                                                   
United States ..:    8.52        8.28        8.02        8.31        8.38       8.22                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                    
1/  Second year.                                                                                    

Apples for Fresh Use Prices Received by Month - by State and United States: July 2016 - June 2019
[Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York, Pennsylvania, and Washington. Prices at first
sale for other States]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                     2016                      :                     2017                      
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                                             $/lb                                              
              :                                                                                               
California ...:  0.457   0.400  0.292    0.252     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)
Michigan .....:    (S)     (S)  0.410    0.435   0.410   0.400   0.390   0.340   0.335   0.330   0.330   0.330
New York .....:    (S)     (S)  0.398    0.418   0.426   0.408   0.361   0.368   0.375   0.403   0.416   0.445
Pennsylvania .:    (S)   0.447  0.451    0.398   0.327   0.319   0.303   0.292   0.333   0.326   0.350   0.346
Virginia .....:    (S)   0.290  0.290    0.280   0.280   0.270   0.270   0.270   0.270   0.290     (S)     (S)
Washington ...:  0.400   0.448  0.566    0.467   0.398   0.398   0.408   0.375   0.359   0.350   0.357   0.358
              :                                                                                               
United States :  0.401   0.440  0.514    0.447   0.399   0.395   0.394   0.367   0.357   0.353   0.360   0.363
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                     2017                      :                     2018                      
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                                             $/lb                                              
              :                                                                                               
California ...:    (S)   0.587  0.847      (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)
Michigan .....:    (S)     (S)  0.575    0.455   0.420   0.405   0.395   0.325   0.330   0.325   0.300   0.315
New York .....:    (S)   0.536  0.425    0.421   0.417   0.425   0.374   0.346   0.310   0.302   0.298   0.356
Pennsylvania .:    (S)   0.653  0.495    0.432   0.385   0.394   0.320   0.317   0.330   0.357   0.381   0.373
Virginia .....:    (S)   0.360  0.350    0.340   0.330   0.320   0.320   0.310   0.300   0.230     (S)     (S)
Washington ...:  0.367   0.406  0.624    0.475   0.396   0.394   0.379   0.356   0.340   0.329   0.295   0.283
              :                                                                                               
United States :  0.371   0.426  0.591    0.459   0.399   0.397   0.375   0.350   0.336   0.327   0.296   0.286
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                     2018                      :                     2019                      
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :  Jan  :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                                             $/lb                                              
              :                                                                                               
California ...:    (S)   0.482  0.420    0.421   0.415     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)     (S)
Michigan .....:    (S)     (S)  0.590    0.550   0.455   0.415   0.370   0.335   0.315   0.300   0.290   0.290
New York .....:    (S)     (S)  0.284    0.293   0.283   0.284   0.262   0.260   0.264   0.261   0.247   0.256
Pennsylvania .:    (S)   0.318  0.359    0.363   0.347   0.367   0.374   0.350   0.352   0.339   0.368   0.438
Virginia .....:    (S)   0.310  0.310    0.290   0.280   0.280   0.300   0.300   0.300   0.290     (S)     (S)
Washington ...:  0.308   0.278  0.472    0.398   0.402   0.418   0.428   0.409   0.396   0.407   0.400   0.384
              :                                                                                               
United States :  0.310   0.296  0.452    0.396   0.387   0.401   0.397   0.379   0.377   0.381   0.383   0.372
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                  

Grapes for Fresh Use Prices Received by Month - United States: May 2016 - December 2018
[Equivalent packinghouse door returns]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Year     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September :  October  : November  : December  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                                             $/ton                                             
              :                                                                                               
2016 .........:   1,500       1,820       1,480       1,330       1,360       1,400       1,520       2,310   
2017 .........:   1,530       1,750       1,590       1,500       1,500       1,460       1,540       1,660   
2018 .........:     (S)       2,550       1,600       1,310       1,210       1,080       1,030       1,140   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                  

Peaches for Fresh Use Prices Received by Month - United States: May 2016
- September 2018
[Equivalent packinghouse door returns for California and Washington;
price at point of first sale for other States]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Year     :    May    :   June    :   July    :  August   : September 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                      dollars per ton                      
              :                                                           
2016 .........:   1,220         993       1,230       1,320       1,080   
2017 .........:     (S)       1,310       1,480       1,400       1,310   
2018 .........:     (S)       1,130       1,140       1,110         918   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.              

Pears for Fresh Use Prices Received by Month - United States: July 2016 - June 2019
[Equivalent packinghouse door returns for California and Washington; price at point of first sale for
other States]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Year     :  Jul  :  Aug  :  Sep  :  Oct  :  Nov  :  Dec  :Jan 1/ :  Feb  :  Mar  :  Apr  :  May  :  Jun  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                                             $/ton                                             
              :                                                                                               
2016 .........:  802     802     812     829     788     756     783     806     720     664     684     734  
2017 .........:  771     764     829     848     832     888     879     857     779     678     680     798  
2018 .........:  788     688     660     663     616     614     574     561     539     545     620     731  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ January of the following year                                                                              

Sorghum Grain Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 and 2018-2019
[Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average
prices. Blank cells indicate month is outside State's designated marketing year]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   State and   :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      
   Marketing   : Jun  : Jul  : Aug  : Sep  : Oct  : Nov  : Dec  : Jan  : Feb  : Mar  : Apr  : May  : Jun  : Jul  : Aug  
      Year     :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      :      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                                                   %                                                    
               :                                                                                                        
Arkansas       :                                                                                                        
   2017-2018 ..:                 -     -     44     14     14      -      -      -      -     14      -     14          
   2018-2019 ..:               (D)   (D)    (D)    (D)    (D)    (D)    (D)    (D)    (D)    (D)    (D)    (D)          
Kansas         :                                                                                                        
   2017-2018 ..:                       2      9     29     22     18      7      4      4      2      1      1     1    
   2018-2019 ..:                       2      4     24     25     16      5      3      3      9      7      1     1    
Louisiana      :                                                                                                        
   2017-2018 ..:                 6    13     33     24     11     12      1      -      -      -      -      -          
   2018-2019 ..:                78     1      -      -     16      1      -      -      4      -      -      -          
               :                                                                                                        
Missouri       :                                                                                                        
   2017-2018 ..:                       6     19     10     13     17      4      9      7      2      1      7     5    
   2018-2019 ..:                      12      9     17     16     16      7      6      3      3      3      3     5    
Nebraska       :                                                                                                        
   2017-2018 ..:                       3     16     32     18     16      7      2      2      1      1      1     1    
   2018-2019 ..:                       1      8     31     19     12      9      3      3      7      5      1     1    
Oklahoma       :                                                                                                        
   2017-2018 ..:                 1     8     14     31     20     13      3      3      3      2      1      1          
   2018-2019 ..:                 1    11      9     28     19     13      4      1      3      6      4      1          
Texas          :                                                                                                        
   2017-2018 ..:   5     36      9    10      3      8     12      9      4      1      2      1                        
   2018-2019 ..:  10     19     15     5      3      7     15     10      5      5      2      4                        
               :                                                                                                        
United States  :                                                                                                        
   2017-2018 ..:                       4.6    8.5   24.7   19.5   16.1    6.1    3.3    3.3    2.0    2.7    5.2   4.0  
   2018-2019 ..:                       2.6    4.4   19.9   21.9   13.8    5.2    3.6    2.7    7.3    7.1    6.0   5.5  
               :                                                                                                        
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                                                    
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                        

Canola Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018
and 2018-2019
[Monthly farm marketings are based on a sample survey and used as a percent of total for
calculating MYA prices]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Year     : Jul  : Aug  : Sep  : Oct  : Nov  : Dec  :Jan 1/: Feb  : Mar  : Apr  : May  : Jun  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                                         %                                         
               :                                                                                   
Minnesota      :                                                                                   
  2017-2018 ...:   4       -      6    14      6     28      20     2       3     -      9      8  
  2018-2019 ...:   2       -      4     1      3      6       4    17       3    24     22     14  
Montana        :                                                                                   
  2017-2018 ...:   5       9     24    10      7      9       7    10      10     7      2      -  
  2018-2019 ...:   -       8     19     5      8     25      14     3       2     3      3     10  
North Dakota   :                                                                                   
  2017-2018 ...:   4      18     23     8      7      4      15     4       5     5      3      4  
  2018-2019 ...:   3       6     20     6      5      9      13     5      13     8      6      6  
Oklahoma ......:                                                                                   
  2017-2018 ...:  17      11      6     2      -      -       -     -       -     -      -     64  
  2018-2019 ...:  28      15      -     -      -      -       -     -       -     -      -     57  
               :                                                                                   
United States  :                                                                                   
  2017-2018 ...: 4.3    17.6   22.2   8.1    7.0    4.2    14.3   4.4     5.2   4.8    2.7    5.2  
  2018-2019 ...: 3.3     5.8   19.5   6.3    5.2    9.1    12.8   5.3    12.3   7.9    5.6    6.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                                
1/ Second year.                                                                                    

Soybean Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 and 2018-2019
[Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year
average prices. Blank cells indicate month is outside State's designated marketing year]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              State and             :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     
              Marketing             : Aug : Sep : Oct : Nov : Dec : Jan : Feb : Mar : Apr : May : Jun : Jul : Aug 
                Year                :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     :     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                                      %                                      
                                    :                                                                             
Arkansas                            :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:        10    28    23    15    10     9     3     1     -     1     -     - 
  2018-2019 ........................:        10     7    21    28    11     2     3     5     2     4     4     3 
Illinois                            :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         7    19     8     8    22    12     7     4     3     3     4     3 
  2018-2019 ........................:         7    14     7    11    20     8     6     5     5     6     5     6 
Indiana                             :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:        13    21     9     8    10     9     8     5     4     4     5     4 
  2018-2019 ........................:         9    20     7     8    11     7     9     6     9     5     5     4 
Iowa                                :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         6    29    12     5    11     9     7     5     4     4     5     3 
  2018-2019 ........................:         5    20    16     6    11     6     4     4     5     7     8     8 
                                    :                                                                             
Kansas                              :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         4    26    23    12    13     8     5     3     2     2     1     1 
  2018-2019 ........................:         2    14    30    15    12     5     4     4     4     5     2     3 
Kentucky                            :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         3    13    17    16    22    12     7     5     2     1     1     1 
  2018-2019 ........................:         3    17    13    15    19     9     6     5     3     5     3     2 
Louisiana                           :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:  6     38    25    12    10     5     2     1     1     -     -     -       
  2018-2019 ........................:  7     34    20    10    14     8     2     1     1     1     1     1       
Michigan                            :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:        11    34    12     7    11     7     6     4     3     2     2     1 
  2018-2019 ........................:         2    26    17     9    10     5     4     5     4    13     3     2 
                                    :                                                                             
Minnesota                           :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         4    29     9     7    11     9     7     6     5     5     4     4 
  2018-2019 ........................:         7    20     9     9    10     5     6     5     5     9     8     7 
Mississippi                         :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:  1     19    19    13    26     8     7     3     1     -     -     3       
  2018-2019 ........................:  2     16    10    11    15    16     9     6     4     2     1     8       
Missouri                            :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         3    17    17    10    16     9     8     6     4     4     3     3 
  2018-2019 ........................:         3    16    15    11    15     7     7     5     4     5     6     6 
Nebraska                            :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         6    33    11    10    14    10     6     3     1     2     2     2 
  2018-2019 ........................:         9    21    12    10    14     6     4     4     4     6     6     4 
                                    :                                                                             
North Carolina                      :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         2    12    33    16    10     8     6     6     3     1     2     1 
  2018-2019 ........................:         2    10    20    24     9    12    11     4     2     2     2     2 
North Dakota                        :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         3    29    11    12    15    11     7     3     1     3     3     2 
  2018-2019 ........................:         5    17    10    12    16     7     7     4     3     6     8     5 
Ohio                                :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:        12    26     8     6    12    11     8     6     3     3     3     2 
  2018-2019 ........................:         7    28     8     8    11     7     6     5     5     6     5     4 
South Dakota                        :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         5    38    10     6    12    10     6     3     2     3     3     2 
  2018-2019 ........................:         5    25    14     7    11     7     5     4     3     6     8     5 
                                    :                                                                             
Tennessee                           :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         4    27    26    10    16     9     2     2     1     1     1     1 
  2018-2019 ........................:         4    20    22    15    13     6     3     5     4     4     1     3 
Wisconsin                           :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:         9    36    15     6    10     7     4     3     2     3     3     2 
  2018-2019 ........................:         3    35    22     7    10     4     4     3     2     3     4     3 
                                    :                                                                             
United States                       :                                                                             
  2017-2018 ........................:       7.4  26.4  12.0   8.7  13.4   9.6   6.3   4.3   2.7   3.2   3.2   2.8 
  2018-2019 ........................:       6.5  19.4  12.4  10.2  13.3   6.4   5.7   4.4   4.8   6.1   5.8   5.0 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                                               

Reliability of Prices Received Estimates

Definition: Prices received represent sales from producers to first buyers. 
They include all grades and qualities. The average commodity price from the 
survey multiplied by the total quantity marketed theoretically should give 
the total cash receipts for the commodity.

Survey procedures: Primary sales data used to determine grain prices were 
obtained from probability samples of about 1,900 mills and elevators. These 
procedures ensure that virtually all grain moving into commercial channels 
has a chance of being included in the survey. Generally, States surveyed 
account for 90 percent or more of total United States production. Livestock 
prices are obtained from packers, stockyards, auctions, dealers, and market 
check data from AMS-USDA, private marketing organizations, and state 
commodity groups and agencies. Inter-farm sales of grain and livestock are 
not included since they represent very small percentages of the total sales. 
Grain marketed for seed is also excluded. Fruit and vegetable prices are 
obtained from sample surveys and market check data from AMS-USDA, private 
marketing organizations, state agencies, and universities.

Summary and estimation procedures: Survey quantities sold are expanded by 
strata to state levels and used to weight average strata prices to a state 
average. State prices are then weighted to a United States price based on 
expanded sales. Recommendations are prepared by the Regional Field Offices 
and reviewed by the Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. State 
recommendations are reviewed for reasonableness with survey data, other 
States, and recent historic estimates.

Revisions: In general, revisions are made during annual commodity market year 
estimation time, following five-year Census revisions, or when later 
information is received. Revisions are published in monthly issues of 
Agricultural Prices. 

Reliability: United States price estimates based on probability surveys 
generally have a sampling error of less than one percent for the major 
commodities such as corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton, and rice. Current methods 
of summarization for non-probability commodities are not designed directly to 
calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures approximate the 
United States relative sampling errors at around five percent. Any non-
sampling errors are attributed to such things as the inability to obtain 
correct information, differences in interpreting questions or definitions, 
mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. Efforts are made at each step 
in the survey process to minimize these non-sampling errors.

Program Changes: After the Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource 
Economics (C-FARE) 2009 program review which included changes in farm production 
practices, plans were implemented to make necessary program improvements in the 
agricultural price program. The index group structure for prices received was 
modified to maintain a more universal structure and consistency with the 
required 1910-1914 series.
 Modifications implemented January 2014 include the following: updated the 
current 1990-1992 base reference period to 2011; linked the 1910-1914 series to 
the updated base reference period, 2011; created index groups used universally 
by researchers, data users, and policymakers; and re-classified agricultural 
commodities into the index groups. Also the modifications expanded the commodity 
coverage for vegetable, melon, non-citrus, and tree nuts; updated monthly market 
weights; and adjusted (normalized) current five year moving average cash 
receipts and farm input cost weights.
Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and 
replaced the annual average index with an annual index.
The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period 
indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. The 1910-1914 base period indexes 
remain rounded to the nearest whole number.
See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details.

August Prices Paid by Farmers

The August Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, 
Taxes, and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 109.9, is down 0.5 percent from 
July 2019 but up 0.6 percent from August 2018. 
 
Production: The August index, at 106.2, is down 0.7 percent from July 
but unchanged from last year. Lower prices for feeder pigs, feed 
grains, feeder cattle, and hay and forages more than offset higher 
prices for concentrates, complete feeds, self-propelled machinery, and 
wage rates.

Feed: At 102.6, the August index decreased 1.0 percent from July 
but increased 1.3 percent from last August. Since July, lower 
prices for feed grains, hay and forages, and supplements more than 
offset higher prices for concentrates and complete feeds.

Livestock and poultry: The August index, at 95.2, decreased 
2.9 percent from July and 5.4 percent from August last year. Since 
July, prices for feeder pigs and feeder cattle are lower than the 
previous month. The August feeder cattle price, at $135.00 per cwt, 
is down $2.00 from July. The August feeder pigs price, at $91.00 
per cwt, is down $32.00 from the previous month.

Fertilizer: The index for August, at 65.2, is down 2.4 percent from 
July and 0.6 percent from August a year ago. Since July, the prices 
for nitrogen, mixed fertilizer, and potash and phosphate are lower 
than the previous month.

Chemicals: The August index, at 103.8, is down 0.1 percent from 
July but up 5.3 percent from August last year.

Fuels: At 66.0, the August index is down 4.1 percent from July and 
12 percent from August 2018. Compared with July, the prices are 
lower for LP gas, gasoline, and diesel.

Machinery: The index for August, at 125.9, increased 0.1 percent 
from July and 4.9 percent from last August. Compared with last 
month, the prices are higher for self-propelled machinery but lower 
for other machinery. 

Consumer Price Index: The August 2019 Consumer Price Index for All 
Urban Consumers (CPI-U), as issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics,  
increased 1.7 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 
256.558 (1982-1984=100). For the month, the index decreased slightly 
prior to seasonal adjustment.

Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass.usda.gov]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :             1910-1914 Base              :                2011 Base                
           Index Group           :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               and               :   August    :    July     :   August    :   August    :    July     :   August    
              Ratios             :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                                      percent                                      
                                 :                                                                                   
Prices paid by farmers for       :                                                                                   
commodities, services,           :                                                                                   
interest, taxes, and wage        :                                                                                   
rates (PPITW) ...................:    2955          2991          2975          109.2         110.5         109.9    
  Production ....................:    2211          2227          2211          106.2         107.0         106.2    
    Feed ........................:    1117          1142          1130          101.3         103.6         102.6    
    Livestock and poultry .......:    1986          1935          1880          100.6          98.0          95.2    
    Seeds .......................:    3885          3800          3800          118.2         115.6         115.6    
    Fertilizer ..................:     790           804           786           65.6          66.8          65.2    
    Chemicals ...................:     885           933           933           98.6         103.9         103.8    
    Fuels .......................:    2088          1925          1847           74.7          68.8          66.0    
    Supplies and repairs ........:    1332          1354          1353          112.9         114.8         114.7    
                                 :                                                                                   
    Autos and trucks ............:    3239          3256          3242          105.4         105.9         105.5    
    Machinery ...................:    7334          7690          7695          120.0         125.8         125.9    
    Building materials ..........:    2724          2750          2756          117.1         118.2         118.5    
    Services and rent ...........:    2482          2504          2500           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
    Services ....................:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          115.2         116.8         116.5    
    Rent ........................:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          119.5         119.5         119.5    
                                 :                                                                                   
  Interest 1/ ...................:    4288          4422          4422          117.6         121.3         121.3    
  Taxes 2/ ......................:    6952          7119          7119          117.1         120.0         120.0    
  Wage rates ....................:    9138          9413          9413          127.6         131.5         131.5    
  Family living-CPI 3/ ..........:    2395          2437          2437          112.1         114.1         114.1    
                                 :                                                                                   
Production, interest, taxes, ....:                                                                                   
  and wage rates (PITW) .........:    3066          3100          3081          108.7         109.9         109.3    
                                 :                                                                                   
Ratio (received/paid) ...........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)             83            81            83    
Parity ratio 4/ .................:      31            31            31           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
Parity ratio adjusted 5/ ........:      32            32            32           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
PPITW adjusted for               :                                                                                   
  productivity 6/ ...............:    1640          1685          1683           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
                                 :                                                                                   
Crop sector (PPITW) .............:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          110.4         112.0         111.7    
Livestock sector (PPITW) ........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          107.8         108.9         108.1    
                                 :                                                                                   
Farm sector (production) ........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          104.4         104.2         102.8    
Non-farm sector (production) ....:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          107.3         108.6         108.2    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                  
1/   Interest per acre on farm real estate debt and interest rate on farm non-real estate debt.                      
2/   Farm real estate taxes payable per acre.                                                                        
3/   Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers (CPI-U), converted by the USDA.        
4/   Ratio of index of prices received to PPITW (1910-1914=100).                                                     
5/   Based on estimated cash receipts, from marketings and government payments, the preliminary adjustment factor is 
     1.026 for 2019 and the revised factor is 1.026 for 2018.                                                        
6/   PPITW is adjusted based on productivity trend for the prior 15 years.                                           

Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components -
United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Relative weights are a five year moving average]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :    Relative weights     :     Indexes (2011=100)      
                             :-------------------------------------------------------
         Index Group         :            :            : August  :  July   : August  
                             :    2018    :    2019    :  2018   :  2019   :  2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :                        percent                        
                             :                                                       
Production items ............:    73.5         73.2       106.2     107.0     106.2  
                             :                                                       
  Feed ......................:    13.3         12.8       101.3     103.6     102.6  
    Feed grains .............:     1.9          1.8        57.9      70.0      65.3  
    Complete feeds ..........:     6.5          6.3       106.1     107.8     108.2  
    Hay and forages .........:     1.6          1.6       104.9     108.0     103.7  
    Concentrates ............:     2.1          2.0       117.4     110.7     112.3  
    Supplements .............:     1.2          1.1       112.3     116.7     113.2  
  Livestock and poultry .....:     8.2          8.8       100.6      98.0      95.2  
    Feeder cattle ...........:     6.4          6.8       107.7      99.7      98.5  
    Feeder pigs .............:     0.6          0.7        35.7      87.9      65.0  
    Milk cow replacements ...:     0.7          0.7        93.0      87.3      87.3  
    Poultry .................:     0.5          0.5       104.3     104.3     104.3  
                             :                                                       
  Seeds .....................:     5.3          5.4       118.2     115.6     115.6  
    Field crops .............:     4.8          4.9       116.9     114.0     114.0  
    Grasses and legumes .....:     0.5          0.5       131.0     131.8     131.8  
  Fertilizer ................:     5.2          5.0        65.6      66.8      65.2  
    Mixed fertilizer ........:     2.3          2.2        68.2      68.6      68.2  
    Nitrogen ................:     2.2          2.1        64.0      68.7      65.6  
    Potash and phosphate ....:     0.7          0.7        62.3      55.2      55.1  
  Chemicals .................:     3.6          3.6        98.6     103.9     103.8  
    Herbicides ..............:     2.3          2.2        99.2     104.5     104.4  
    Insecticides ............:     0.8          0.8        99.3     103.9     103.9  
    Fungicides and other ....:     0.5          0.5        94.5     101.1     101.1  
                             :                                                       
  Fuels .....................:     2.4          2.8        74.7      68.8      66.0  
    Diesel ..................:     1.5          1.8        69.0      70.0      69.1  
    Gasoline ................:     0.5          0.6        74.2      77.0      73.8  
    LP gas ..................:     0.4          0.5        96.2      54.1      45.0  
  Supplies and repairs ......:     4.6          4.6       112.9     114.8     114.7  
    Supplies ................:     1.6          1.5       112.6     116.2     116.1  
    Repairs .................:     3.0          3.1       113.1     114.1     114.0  
  Autos and trucks ..........:     1.3          1.3       105.4     105.9     105.5  
    Autos ...................:     0.2          0.2        99.7     100.6     100.3  
    Trucks ..................:     1.1          1.1       106.2     106.7     106.3  
                             :                                                       
  Machinery .................:     5.6          5.3       120.0     125.8     125.9  
    Tractors ................:     1.2          1.2       109.6     109.3     109.3  
    Self-propelled ..........:     2.3          2.1       124.0     130.7     131.0  
    Other machinery .........:     2.1          2.0       121.8     130.3     130.2  
  Building materials ........:     4.0          4.1       117.1     118.2     118.5  
  Services ..................:    12.1         11.7       115.2     116.8     116.5  
    Custom rates ............:     1.3          1.2       113.3     118.4     118.4  
    Other services ..........:    10.8         10.5       115.4     116.7     116.3  
  Rent ......................:     7.9          7.8       119.5     119.5     119.5  
    Cash ....................:     4.2          4.2       126.1     126.1     126.1  
    Share ...................:     3.7          3.6       111.8     111.8     111.8  
                             :                                                       
Interest ....................:     2.4          2.6       117.6     121.3     121.3  
Taxes .......................:     3.3          3.2       117.1     120.0     120.0  
Wage rates ..................:     7.1          7.2       127.6     131.5     131.5  
Family living-CPI ...........:    13.7         13.9       112.1     114.1     114.1  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Feed Price Ratios - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Feed price ratio 1/                  : August 2018  :  July 2019   : August 2019  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       :                                            
Broiler-feed: pounds of broiler grower feed equal      :                                            
  in value to 1 pound of broiler, live weight 2/ ......:      5.2            4.8            4.3     
                                                       :                                            
Market egg feed: pounds of laying feed equal in        :                                            
  value to 1 dozen eggs 3/ ............................:     11.0            2.5            7.6     
                                                       :                                            
Hog-corn: bushels of corn equal in value to            :                                            
  100 pounds of hog, live weight ......................:     13.2           13.6           14.9     
                                                       :                                            
Milk-feed: pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal        :                                            
  in value to 1 pound of whole milk 4/ ................:     2.06           2.16           2.26     
                                                       :                                            
Steer & heifer-corn: bushels of corn equal             :                                            
  in value to 100 pounds of steer & heifers,           :                                            
    live weight .......................................:     33.3           27.2           28.5     
                                                       :                                            
Turkey-feed: pounds of turkey grower equal in          :                                            
  value to 1 pound of turkey, live weight 5/ ..........:      5.8            6.2            6.6     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Effective January 1995, prices of commercial prepared feeds are based on current United States   
   prices received for corn, soybeans, alfalfa hay, and all wheat.                                  
2/ The price of commercial prepared broiler feed is based on current United States prices received  
   for corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 58 percent corn and 42 percent soybeans.            
3/ The price of commercial prepared layer feed is based on current United States prices received for
   corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 75 percent corn and 25 percent soybeans.                
4/ The price of commercial prepared dairy feed is based on current United States prices received for
   corn, soybeans, and alfalfa. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 8 percent soybeans, and 41   
   percent alfalfa.                                                                                 
5/ The price of commercial prepared turkey feed is based on current United States prices received   
   for corn, soybeans, and wheat. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 28 percent soybeans, and 21
   percent wheat.                                                                                   

Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States:
August 2019 with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock and poultry commodities is United States
Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Marketing Service]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item                : August 2018  :  July 2019   : August 2019  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  dollars                   
                                    :                                            
Broilers, live ................pound:     0.490          0.487          0.421    
Eggs, market ..................dozen:     0.890          0.224          0.662    
                                    :                                            
Hogs, all .......................cwt:     44.30          56.60          58.50    
Milk, all .......................cwt:     16.10          18.70          18.90    
                                    :                                            
Steers and heifers ..............cwt:    112.00         113.00         112.00    
Turkeys, live .................pound:     0.517          0.576          0.592    
                                    :                                            
Corn .........................bushel:      3.36           4.16           3.93    
Hay, alfalfa ....................ton:    177.00         183.00         179.00    
                                    :                                            
Soybeans .....................bushel:      8.59           8.38           8.22    
Wheat, all ...................bushel:      5.31           4.52           4.35    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
[Price data source is United States Department of Agriculture's Agriculture
Marketing Service]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item                : August 2018  :  July 2019   : August 2019  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  dollars                   
                                    :                                            
Feeder cattle & calves ..........cwt:    148.00         137.00         135.00    
Feeder pigs .....................cwt:     50.00         123.00          91.00    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates

Definition: Prices paid by farmers represent the average costs of inputs 
purchased by farmers and ranchers to produce agricultural commodities. 
Conceptually, the average price when multiplied by quantity purchased should 
equal total producer expenditures for the item. 

Survey procedures: The prices paid data are obtained from establishments that 
sell goods and services to farmers and ranchers. Annually, about 8,500 firms 
are randomly selected from lists by type of item sold with an average 
response rate in the range of 75-80 percent. Firms are asked to report the 
price for the specified item "most commonly bought by farmers" or that was 
the "volume seller". Approximately 135 items are surveyed each March to 
represent all production input items purchased. The survey reference period 
for most items is the five business days centered at the 15th of the month. 
Separate prices paid surveys are conducted for agricultural chemicals, fuels, 
feed, fertilizer, machinery, and seed.

Summary and estimation procedures: The annual March Prices Paid Survey is 
summarized as a non-probability survey. Average prices reported are 
aggregated to the region and United States level using weights available from 
expenditure data and other administrative sources. Price recommendations are 
prepared by the Regional Field Offices and Headquarters for review by the 
Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. Also, the change in price 
level for individual items surveyed are combined to the regional and United 
States levels, and are published as prices paid indexes referenced to a 
specific base period. Prices paid indexes for new autos and trucks, building 
materials, farm supplies, motor supplies, and marketing containers are 
updated based on price changes measured in selected Bureau of Labor 
Statistics (BLS) indexes.

Revisions: Any revisions are published in the monthly and in annual issues of 
Agricultural Prices. The basis for revision must be supported by additional 
data that directly affect the level of the estimate. More revisions are 
likely for March when separate prices paid surveys are conducted, in lieu of 
BLS indexes, by the USDA to measure price change.

Reliability: Current methods of summarization for the March data are not 
designed directly to calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures 
approximate the United States relative sampling errors for major items around 
10 percent. Any non-sampling errors are attributed to such things as the 
inability to obtain correct information, differences in interpreting 
questions or definitions, mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. 
Efforts are made at each step in the survey process to minimize these non-
sampling errors. 

Program change: Effective January 2014, the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service modified the five-year moving weights and updated the base reference 
period. In January 2015, publication of preliminary prices was suspended, and 
the annual average index was replaced by an annual index.

As of January 2014, the 1990-1992 base reference period was updated to 2011. 
Five-year moving average weights are adjusted (normalized) to minimize the 
effects of price changes. The 1910-1914=100 price indexes, required by 
statute for computing parity prices, were linked forward based on the changes 
in the new 2011=100 indexes. The new indexes were constructed by multiplying 
the ratios of the current prices to the base period prices by the moving 
average weights.

Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and 
replaced the annual average index with an annual index.

The April 2015 program update discontinued publication of the annual March 
survey prices paid data.

The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period 
indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. The 1910-1914 base period indexes 
remain rounded to the nearest whole number.

See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details. 

Information Contacts

General

Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch.................................. (202) 720-6146

Crop Prices Received

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch ........................................................................ (202) 720-2127

Travis Thorson, Head, Field Crops Section................................................................ (202) 720-2127
  Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.......................................................... (202) 720-9526
  James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................................................................. (202) 690-8533
  Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans.......................................................................... (202) 690-3234
  Jannety Mosley - Barley, Crop Weather.................................................................. (202) 720-7621
  Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................................................................. (202) 720-7688
  Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat............................................................................... (202) 720-8068
  Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum......................................................... (202) 720-5944
  Travis Thorson - Canola, Mustard Seed, Rapeseed, Safflower, Sunflower.................................. (202) 720-7369

Jorge Garcia-Pratts, Head, Fruits, Vegetables, and Special Crops Section................................. (202) 720-2127
  Joshua Bates - Almonds, Apples, Apricots, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions, Plums, 
    Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco.......................................................................... (202) 720-4288
  Vincent Davis - Garlic, Hazelnuts, Kiwifruit, Lettuce, Maple Syrup, Mint, Pears,
    Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Tomatoes ............................................................. (202) 720-2157
  Fleming Gibson - Cauliflower, Celery, Citrus, Macadamia, Mushrooms, Olives
    Green Peas, Watermelons ............................................................................. (202) 720-5412
  Greg Lemmons - Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Raspberries,
    Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes, Tame Blueberries,
    Wild Blueberries .................................................................................... (202) 720-4285
  Dan Norris - Artichokes, Cantaloupes, Dry Beans, Dry Edible Peas, Honeydews, Lentils,
    Nectarines, Papayas, Peaches, Snap Beans, Walnuts.................................................... (202) 720-3250
  Jorge Garcia-Pratts - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chile Peppers, Dates
    Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans, Spinach ......................................................... (202) 720-4215

Livestock Prices Received

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch.................................................................. (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section.................................................................... (202) 720-3570
  Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats........................................................................ (202) 720-0585
  Heidi Lanouette - Cattle and Cattle on Feed............................................................ (202) 720-3040
  Mike Miller - Milk, Milk Cows.......................................................................... (202) 720-3278
  Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs........................................................................... (202) 720-3106
   
Tony Dorn, Head, Poultry and Specialty Commodities Section............................................... (202) 690-3223
  Fatema Haque - Turkeys................................................................................. (202) 720-3244
  Kim Linonis - Eggs..................................................................................... (202) 690-3676
  Adam Peters - Broilers and Honey....................................................................... (202) 690-3237
  Vacant................................................................................................. (202) 720-6147
  
Indexes, Prices Paid, and Parity Prices

Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch.................................. (202) 720-6146

Bruce Boess, Head, Economics Section..................................................................... (202) 720-4447
  Kuan Chen - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices, Prices Paid Indexes, Prices Paid for Feed, 
    Fertilizer, Chemicals, Seeds, Fuels, Farm Supplies and Repairs, Farm Machinery, Feeder Livestock, 
    Poultry Chicks, Feed Price Ratios.................................................................... (202) 690-3347
  Stephen Habets - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices................................................ (202) 720-9168
   John Stephens- Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices................................................. (202) 720-8844

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov. 

Price Program Links

Economics and Prices 
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_Subject/Economics_and_Prices/index.php

January 2014 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updates.pdf

January 2015 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/update2015.pdf

April 2015 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateApr2015.p
df

February 2016 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateFeb2016.p
df