Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production
Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production

ISSN: 2377-3855

Released October 1, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

July 2019 contained 31 days.
August 2019 contained 31 days.

Total corn consumed for alcohol and other uses was 508 million bushels in 
August 2019. Total corn consumption was up slightly from July 2019 but down 
6 percent from August 2018. August 2019 usage included 91.4 percent for 
alcohol and 8.6 percent for other purposes. Corn consumed for beverage 
alcohol totaled 3.34 million bushels, down 35 percent from July 2019 and down 
6 percent from August 2018. Corn for fuel alcohol, at 455 million bushels, 
was up 1 percent from July 2019 but down 6 percent from August 2018. Corn 
consumed in August 2019 for dry milling fuel production and wet milling fuel 
production was 90.3 percent and 9.7 percent, respectively.

Dry mill co-product production of distillers dried grains with solubles 
(DDGS) was 2.01 million tons during August 2019, up 1 percent from July 2019 
but down 8 percent from August 2018. Distillers wet grains (DWG) 65 percent 
or more moisture was 1.28 million tons in August 2019, up 7 percent from July 
2019 but down 2 percent from August 2018.

Wet mill corn gluten feed production was 306,375 tons during August 2019, up 
2 percent from July 2019 but down 6 percent from August 2018. Wet corn gluten 
feed 40 to 60 percent moisture was 261,243 tons in August 2019, up 4 percent 
from July 2019 and up 2 percent from August 2018.

Dry and Wet Mill, Corn Consumed - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
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                           Purpose                          :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
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                                                            :                 1,000 bushels                 
                                                            :                                               
Consumed for alcohol production                             :                                               
  Beverage alcohol .........................................:      3,559           5,111           3,341    
  Fuel alcohol .............................................:    483,374         450,782         454,633    
    Dry mill ...............................................:    441,043         407,328         410,749    
    Wet mill ...............................................:     42,331          43,454          43,884    
  Industrial alcohol .......................................:      7,167           7,458           5,929    
Consumed for other purposes                                 :                                               
  Total wet mill products other than fuel ..................:     44,916          44,229          43,906    
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Dry Mill, Sorghum Consumed - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
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                           Purpose                          :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
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                                                            :                   1,000 cwt                   
                                                            :                                               
Consumed for alcohol production                             :                                               
  Fuel alcohol .............................................:     3,455           5,438           6,115     
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Dry and Wet Mill, Co-products and Products Produced - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
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                  Co-products and products                  :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            :                     tons                      
                                                            :                                               
Dry mill                                                    :                                               
  Condensed distillers solubles (CDS - syrup) ..............:     134,308         108,366          95,690   
  Corn oil (Corn Distillers Oil - CDO) .....................:     166,106         165,477         163,646   
  Distillers dried grains (DDG) ............................:     394,908         379,689         336,043   
  Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) .............:   2,185,674       1,985,820       2,014,491   
  Distillers wet grains (DWG) 65% or more moisture .........:   1,313,014       1,197,747       1,282,770   
  Modified distillers wet grains (DWG) 40% to 64% moisture .:     402,346         378,821         409,285   
                                                            :                                               
Wet mill                                                    :                                               
  Corn germ meal ...........................................:      55,012          67,083          58,475   
  Corn gluten feed .........................................:     325,547         300,572         306,375   
  Corn gluten meal .........................................:      91,947          93,494          90,513   
  Wet corn gluten feed 40% to 60% moisture .................:     256,268         252,084         261,243   
                                                            :                                               
Dry and wet mill                                            :                                               
  Carbon dioxide captured ..................................:     282,872         254,014         266,355   
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Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Grain Crushings and Co-Products Production is part of the 
Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) program. CAIR reports are 
administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture program. Response to CAIR 
surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). Data are collected from all 
known mills that produce ethanol.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which 
were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of 
ethanol production in 2014. During the operation profile, facilities that met 
the survey criteria were asked for the nameplate production capacity. The 
operation profile also documented the manner in which the firm will report. A 
firm headquarters can report for all milling locations or each location can 
report separately.

In the Dry Mill Producers and Wet Mill Producers survey questionnaires, mills 
are asked for previous calendar month data on feedstocks consumed, products 
and co-products produced. Mills are mailed questionnaires with the options of 
completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR). For 
surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is 
conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by 
using historical data and current data relationships. Data for reporting 
firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National 
totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports 
or corrected data. Final figures are published in the annual summary of the 
following year. 

Reliability: Approximately 130 reports are received each month which 
represent about 90 percent of total capacity. Monthly data can vary due to 
different firms reporting month to month. Survey data are also subject to 
non-sampling errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in 
processing the data. While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are 
minimized by carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@nass.usda.gov.

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch............................ (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section................ (202) 720-2127
   David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
   Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet............ (202) 720-9526
   James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................... (202) 690-8533
   Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
   Jannety Mosley - Crop Weather, Barley.................... (202) 720-7621
   Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................... (202) 720-7688
   Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
   Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum........... (202) 720-5944
   Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369
   
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