Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption and Stocks
Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption 
and Stocks

ISSN: 2379-9862

Released October 1, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

July 2019 contained 31 days.
August 2019 contained 31 days.

Soybeans crushed for crude oil was 5.33 million tons (178 million bushels) in 
August 2019, compared with 
5.38 million tons (179 million bushels) in July 2019 and 5.09 million tons 
(170 million bushels) in August 2018. Crude oil produced was 2.05 billion 
pounds down 2 percent from July 2019 but up 5 percent from August 2018. 
Soybean once refined oil production at 1.52 billion pounds during August 2019 
increased slightly from July 2019 and increased 5 percent from August 2018.

Canola seeds crushed for crude oil was 156,132 tons in August 2019, compared 
with 145,547 tons in 
July 2019 and 170,472 tons in August 2018. Canola crude oil produced was 126 
million pounds, up 4 percent from July 2019 but down 9 percent from August 
2018. Canola once refined oil production, at 72.8 million pounds during August 
2019, was down 29 percent from July 2019 and down 34 percent from August 
2018. 

Cottonseed once refined oil production, at 39.6 million pounds during August 
2019, was up 16 percent from July 2019 but down 13 percent from August 2018.

Edible tallow production was 87.2 million pounds during August 2019, up 
8 percent from July 2019 but down 5 percent from August 2018. Inedible tallow 
production was 315 million pounds during August 2019, 
up 1 percent from July 2019 but down 5 percent from August 2018. Technical 
tallow production was 118.6 million pounds during August 2019, up 33 percent 
from July 2019 but down 1 percent from August 2018. Choice white grease 
production, at 107 million pounds during August 2019, increased 15 percent 
from July 2019 but decreased 5 percent from August 2018.

Soybean Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Crush                                                       :                                               
Soybeans crushed........................................tons:   5,088,884       5,383,896       5,325,880   
Crude oil produced..............................1,000 pounds:   1,944,966       2,090,168       2,049,888   
Cake and meal produced..................................tons:   3,771,727       3,918,907       3,880,500   
  For animal feed.......................................tons:   3,724,433       3,872,856       3,831,182   
  For edible protein products...........................tons:      47,294          46,051          49,318   
Millfeed produced.......................................tons:     259,078         267,367         270,264   
                                                            :                                               
Refine                                                      :                                               
Crude oil processed in refining.................1,000 pounds:   1,481,276       1,550,144       1,559,724   
Once refined oil produced.......................1,000 pounds:   1,448,966       1,514,468       1,516,647   
                                                            :                                               
Consumption                                                 :                                               
Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing1,000 pounds:     115,494          97,319          90,068   
Once refined oil removed for use in processing..1,000 pounds:   1,533,052       1,602,979       1,569,905   
  Removed for edible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:   1,177,211       1,131,172       1,142,855   
  Removed for inedible use in processing........1,000 pounds:     355,841         471,807         427,050   
                                                            :                                               
Stocks                                                      :                                               
Cake and meal on hand end of month......................tons:     359,936         345,450         384,976   
Millfeed on hand end of month...........................tons:      41,117          39,762          48,338   
Crude oil on hand end of month..................1,000 pounds:   1,843,912       1,652,854       1,439,479   
  Crusher.......................................1,000 pounds:     710,679         790,119         731,432   
  Refiner.......................................1,000 pounds:     410,486         423,124         420,795   
  Offsite.......................................1,000 pounds:     722,747         439,611         287,252   
Once refined oil on hand end of month...........1,000 pounds:     370,887         386,647         366,668   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Soybean Crushing - Regional: August 2019 with Comparisons
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                          Soybeans crushed                          
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     August 2018      :      July 2019       :     August 2019      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        621,419                692,126                679,235       
Iowa........................:      1,120,453              1,104,400              1,014,706       
North and East 1/ ..........:      1,088,537              1,266,215              1,237,662       
North Central 2/ ...........:        698,118                766,908                829,756       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        700,209                645,223                656,385       
West Central 4/ ............:        860,148                909,024                908,136       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                         Crude oil produced                         
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     August 2018      :      July 2019       :     August 2019      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                            1,000 pounds                            
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        242,869                277,064                270,644       
Iowa........................:        428,787                430,443                392,396       
North and East 1/ ..........:        417,576                490,886                470,079       
North Central 2/ ...........:        256,330                291,825                306,382       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        266,970                248,741                255,954       
West Central 4/ ............:        332,434                351,209                354,433       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                    Crude oil stocks at crusher                     
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     August 2018      :      July 2019       :     August 2019      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                            1,000 pounds                            
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        100,081                    (D)                    (D)       
Iowa........................:        108,441                116,694                 92,479       
North and East 1/ ..........:        155,776                199,453                167,717       
North Central 2/ ...........:        259,380                209,971                199,738       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:            (D)                 54,633                 49,456       
West Central 4/ ............:            (D)                    (D)                    (D)       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                       Cake and meal produced                       
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     August 2018      :      July 2019       :     August 2019      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        452,477                493,459                491,362       
Iowa........................:        830,590                806,237                740,469       
North and East 1/ ..........:        810,788                919,601                900,203       
North Central 2/ ...........:        522,762                571,223                613,310       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        514,631                464,539                473,265       
West Central 4/ ............:        640,479                663,848                661,891       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                        Cake and meal stocks                        
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     August 2018      :      July 2019       :     August 2019      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:         84,311                 61,149                 82,619       
Iowa........................:         67,701                 67,871                 43,254       
North and East 1/ ..........:         68,340                 94,540                126,443       
North Central 2/ ...........:         26,380                 32,820                 29,698       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:         67,240                 48,088                 52,002       
West Central 4/ ............:         45,964                 40,982                 50,960       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                 
1/  North and East includes Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia.        
2/  North Central includes Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota.                   
3/  South, West, and Pacific includes Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana,         
    Mississippi, North Carolina and South Carolina.                                              
4/  West Central includes Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska.                                         

Selected Oilseed Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Item                              :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Canola                                                          :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Seeds crushed.............................................tons:    170,472         145,547         156,132    
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:    139,345         121,974         126,475    
  Cake and meal produced....................................tons:     93,949          84,447          85,658    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:    116,348         106,287          75,839    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:    110,749         102,407          72,802    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:    153,134         143,445         114,735    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Cake and meal on hand end of month........................tons:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:        (D)          73,663          70,350    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:    110,219          84,217          89,807    
                                                                :                                               
Cottonseed                                                      :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Seeds crushed.............................................tons:    177,900          96,586         132,991    
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:     49,724          24,978          34,377    
  Cake and meal produced....................................tons:     76,941          43,108          51,699    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:     47,121          35,114          40,849    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:     45,625          33,981          39,573    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     53,071          37,448          44,740    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Cake and meal on hand end of month........................tons:     35,732          39,228          40,074    
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     32,500          19,094          18,203    
                                                                :                                               
Coconut                                                         :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     88,992          70,008          80,690    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     53,405             (D)          85,341    
                                                                :                                               
Corn                                                            :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:    177,308         185,828         175,563    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:    188,173         188,774         183,536    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:    183,051         183,005         178,099    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:    184,387         195,499         178,049    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     63,365          25,592          32,306    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     56,317          39,559          49,527    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                                     --continued

Selected Oilseed Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: August 2019 with
Comparisons (continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Item                              :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Palm kernel                                                     :                                               
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     21,867          19,835          17,747    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     61,120          75,927          75,589    
                                                                :                                               
Palm                                                            :                                               
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:    216,342         155,179         195,158    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:    211,929         145,855         185,091    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:      4,413           9,324          10,067    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:    273,104         380,453         338,324    
                                                                :                                               
Peanut                                                          :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:     29,053          23,249          33,112    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:     27,913          21,671          31,783    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     26,067          25,691          32,079    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     62,775          23,625          22,955    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
                                                                :                                               
Safflower                                                       :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:        (D)           1,779           2,819    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:        (D)           1,779           2,819    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)           4,971    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:        (D)          11,259           9,391    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:      2,618           2,076             (D)    
                                                                :                                               
Sunflower                                                       :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:     39,442             (D)          42,341    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:     38,343          32,250          39,898    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)          42,714    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     45,298          43,191          32,010    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     35,912          18,086          25,967    
                                                                :                                               
Vegetable foots, raw and acidulated                             :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Oil produced......................................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Oil removed for inedible use in processing........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Oil on hand end of month..........................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                

Animal Fats and Oils Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            :                 1,000 pounds                  
                                                            :                                               
Choice white grease                                         :                                               
  Production................................................:    113,405          93,335         107,277    
  Removed for inedible use..................................:    112,653          93,752         105,231    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:      6,944           4,704           6,610    
Feather meal                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:     79,265         108,205         113,157    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     23,271          28,200          29,091    
Lard                                                        :                                               
  Production................................................:     28,313          23,645          30,142    
  Removed for use in processing.............................:     27,940          23,144          29,593    
    Removed for edible use in processing....................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     14,963          17,653          18,726    
Meat meal, meat and bone meal, and dry rendered tankage     :                                               
  Production................................................:    514,356         449,593         519,331    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     71,194          56,271          69,101    
Other grease                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:     50,852          33,857          43,114    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:     48,188          35,095          39,233    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Poultry fats                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:    179,657         207,494         233,381    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    175,271         208,663         229,882    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     23,939          26,600          30,156    
Poultry by-product meals                                    :                                               
  Production................................................:    234,360         273,933         293,603    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     54,535          39,613          39,936    
Tallow, edible                                              :                                               
  Production................................................:     91,374          80,830          87,170    
  Removed for use in processing.............................:     87,570          85,045          95,539    
    Removed for edible use in processing....................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     34,148          18,299          16,329    
Tallow, inedible                                            :                                               
  Production................................................:    332,618         310,193         314,554    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    335,289         304,910         315,257    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:    102,239          90,339          89,548    
Tallow, technical                                           :                                               
  Production................................................:    120,008          89,509         118,603    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    125,231          97,182         129,950    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Yellow grease                                               :                                               
  Production................................................:    187,474         177,868         185,547    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    176,826         185,451         178,071    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:    111,351          87,709          94,497    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                            

Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption 
and Stocks is part of the Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) 
program. CAIR reports are administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture 
program. Response to CAIR surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). 
Animal and vegetable fats and oils data are collected from all known 
facilities that crush, refine or render. Crushing facilities include 
processors that use either solvent extraction or continuous screw press.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which 
were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of 
rendering, oilseeds crushing, and crude oil refining in 2014. 

In the Animal and Vegetable Fats and Oils survey questionnaire, facilities 
are asked for previous calendar month data on oilseed crushing, crude oil 
production, once refined oil production, rendering production, and end of 
month stocks. Facilities are mailed questionnaires with the options of 
completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR). For 
surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is 
conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by 
using historical data and current data relationships. Data for reporting 
firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National 
totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports 
or corrected data. Final figures are published in the annual summary of the 
following year. 

Reliability: Survey data are based on a census of all known facilities and 
therefore, have no sampling variability. Monthly data can vary due to 
different firms reporting month to month. Survey data are also subject to 
non-sampling errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in 
processing the data. While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are 
minimized by carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@nass.usda.gov.

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch............................ (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section................ (202) 720-2127
   David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
   Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet............ (202) 720-9526
   James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................... (202) 690-8533
   Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
   Jannety Mosley - Crop Weather, Barley.................... (202) 720-7621
   Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................... (202) 720-7688
   Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
   Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum........... (202) 720-5944
   Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369
   
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