Cotton System Consumption and Stocks
Cotton System Consumption and Stocks

ISSN: 2378-2471

Released October 1, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

July 2019 contained 31 days.
August 2019 contained 31 days.

Extra long staple cotton consumed on the cotton system was 698,000 pounds in 
August 2019, up 3 percent from July 2019 but down 31 percent from August 
2018. August 2019 stocks on hand on the last Saturday of the month totaled 
1.57 million pounds, down 8 percent from July 2019 and down 19 percent from 
August 2018. 

Total Manmade fiber consumed on the cotton system was 37.0 million pounds 
during August 2019, up 13 percent from July 2019 and up 1 percent from August 
2018. Of the total manmade fiber consumed, 93 percent was polyester staple.

Total number of spindles on the cotton system was 1.28 million during August 
2019. Active spindles consuming 100 percent cotton was 607,000 in August 
2019, down 8 percent from July 2019 and down 9 percent from August 2018.

Consumption and Stocks - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Extra long staple                                           :                                               
  Consumed                                                  :                                               
    Running bales ....................................number:     2,034           1,360           1,411     
    Weight .....................................1,000 pounds:     1,010             677             698     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month)               :                                               
    Running bales ....................................number:     3,912           3,424           3,141     
    Weight .....................................1,000 pounds:     1,947           1,713           1,569     
                                                            :                                               
Rayon and acetate staple                                    :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:       740             874           1,030     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:     1,801           1,044           1,044     
                                                            :                                               
Polyester staple                                            :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:    34,092          30,271          34,435     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:    23,508          35,503          39,485     
                                                            :                                               
Other manmade fiber staple                                  :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:     1,701           1,699           1,542     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:     3,137           2,666           2,644     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Spindles in Place, Active Spindles and Spindle Hours Operated - United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            :  August 2018  :   July 2019   :  August 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cotton-system spindles in place                             :                                               
  Ring spindles .......................................1,000:      952             944             944      
  Airjet spindles .....................................1,000:       29              26              26      
  Open-end spindles ...................................1,000:      314             305             305      
                                                            :                                               
Cotton-system spindles active                               :                                               
  Spindles consuming 100% cotton ......................1,000:      664             660             607      
                                               million hours:      462             497             425      
  Spindles consuming 100% manmade fiber ...............1,000:       35              58              54      
                                               million hours:       20              31              30      
  Spindles consuming mixtures or blends ...............1,000:      560             506             541      
                                               million hours:      369             353             351      
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Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Cotton System Consumption and Stocks is part of the 
Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) program. CAIR reports are 
administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture program. Response to CAIR 
surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). Data are collected from all 
known mills that consume cotton.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which 
were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of cotton 
consumption and spindle activity in 2014. 

In the Cotton and Manmade Fiber Staple survey questionnaires, mills are asked 
for previous calendar month data on cotton and manmade fiber consumed, stocks 
and spindle activity. Mills are mailed questionnaires with the options of 
completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR). For 
surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is 
conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by 
using historical data and current data relationships. Data for reporting 
firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National 
totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports 
or corrected data. Final figures are published in the annual summary of the 
following year. 

Reliability: Approximately 50 reports are received each month which represent 
about 95 percent of total spindles. Monthly data can vary due to different 
firms reporting month to month. Survey data are also subject to non-sampling 
errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in processing the 
data. While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are minimized by 
carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@nass.usda.gov.

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch............................ (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section................ (202) 720-2127
   David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
   Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet............ (202) 720-9526
   James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................... (202) 690-8533
   Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
   Jannety Mosley - Crop Weather, Barley.................... (202) 720-7621
   Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................... (202) 720-7688
   Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
   Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum........... (202) 720-5944
   Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369
   
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