Peanut Stocks and Processing
Peanut Stocks and Processing

ISSN: 1949-1875

Released September 27, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Shelled Edible Grade Season to Date Utilization Up 2 Percent from Last Year
Peanut Stocks in Commercial Storage Totaled 2.05 Billion Pounds
	
Peanut stocks reported in commercial storage on August 31, 2019 totaled 
2.05 billion pounds of equivalent farmer stock, compared with 
2.31 billion pounds a year ago. This total includes 1.31 billion pounds of 
actual farmer stock.

Shelled peanuts on hand totaled 698 million pounds of farmer stock 
equivalent. Roasting stock totaled 34.0 million pounds.

Shelled peanut stocks totaled 525 million pounds of which 500 million pounds 
were edible grades and 24.7 million pounds were oil stocks. Edible grade 
stocks by type included 88.8 million pounds of Virginias and Valencias, 
362 million pounds of Runners, and 49.6 million pounds of Spanish.

Millings in August totaled 371 million pounds. Millings by type were 
24.7 million pounds of Virginias and Valencias, 341 million pounds of 
Runners, and 5.42 million pounds of Spanish.

Commercial processors utilized 207 million pounds of shelled edible grade 
peanuts during August. Utilization by type was 125 million pounds for all 
peanut butter products, 31.6 million pounds for peanut candy, and 
40.8 million pounds for peanut snacks. Crushing for oil and cake and meal 
totaled 55.1 million pounds during the month.

Deliveries under the Government Domestic Feeding and Child Nutrition Programs 
amounted to 5.10 million pounds of peanut butter and 77,760 pounds of roasted 
peanuts during August.

Stocks of treated seed on hand August 31, 2019 totaled 218,000 pounds, 
compared with 2.85 million pounds on July 31, 2019. Of the August total, 
148,000 pounds were Runners. July stocks of treated seed included 
635,000 pounds of Virginias and Valencias, 1.23 million pounds of Runners, 
and 985,000 pounds of Spanish.

Stocks estimates refer to August 31, 2019. All other data are for the month 
of August.

Peanut Stocks and Specified Products at Month's End - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Excludes stocks on farms. Includes stocks owned by or held for account of peanut
producers and CCC in commercial storage facilities. Farmer stock on net weight basis.
Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun.]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :             :             :             :  Farmer stock equivalent  
      Month      :   Farmer    :   Shelled   :  Roasting   :---------------------------
      ending     :    stock    :   peanuts   :    stock    :   Shelled   :    Total    
                 :             :     1/      :(in shell) 2/:   peanuts   :     3/      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                            1,000 pounds                             
                 :                                                                     
2019             :                                                                     
August ..........:  1,312,938      525,041       33,959        698,305      2,045,202  
September .......:                                                                     
October .........:                                                                     
November ........:                                                                     
December ........:                                                                     
                 :                                                                     
2020             :                                                                     
January .........:                                                                     
February ........:                                                                     
March ...........:                                                                     
April ...........:                                                                     
May .............:                                                                     
June ............:                                                                     
July ............:                                                                     
                 :                                                                     
2018             :                                                                     
August ..........:  1,568,856      521,194       47,750        693,188      2,309,794  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes shelled edible grades, shelled oil stock, and shelled seed (untreated).    
2/ Cleaned and unshelled.                                                              
3/ Farmer stock + roasting stock + (actual shelled peanuts X 1.33).                    

Farmer Stock Peanuts by Type at Month's End - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Excludes stocks on farms. Includes stocks owned by or held for account of
peanut producers and CCC in commercial storage facilities. Farmer stock on net
weight basis. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun.]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Month      :   Virginias   :               :               :               
      ending     :      and      :    Runners    :    Spanish    :     Total     
                 :   Valencias   :               :               :               
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                         1,000 pounds                          
                 :                                                               
2019             :                                                               
August ..........:    151,942        1,148,358        12,638         1,312,938   
September .......:                                                               
October .........:                                                               
November ........:                                                               
December ........:                                                               
                 :                                                               
2020             :                                                               
January .........:                                                               
February ........:                                                               
March ...........:                                                               
April ...........:                                                               
May .............:                                                               
June ............:                                                               
July ............:                                                               
                 :                                                               
2018             :                                                               
August ..........:    268,826        1,277,374        22,656         1,568,856   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shelled Peanuts and Roasting Stock (in Shell) at Month's End - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Excludes stocks on farms. Includes stocks owned by or held for account of peanut producers and CCC
in commercial storage facilities. Farmer stock on net weight basis. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun.]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :              Shelled edibles 1/               :           :           :           
      Month      :-----------------------------------------------:  Shelled  :           :           
      ending     : Virginias :           :           :           :    oil    :   Total   : Roasting  
                 :    and    :  Runners  :  Spanish  :   Total   : stocks 2/ :  shelled  : stock 3/  
                 : Valencias :           :           :           :           :           :           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                                   1,000 pounds                                    
                 :                                                                                   
2019             :                                                                                   
August ..........:  88,812      361,932     49,603      500,347     24,694      525,041     33,959   
September .......:                                                                                   
October .........:                                                                                   
November ........:                                                                                   
December ........:                                                                                   
                 :                                                                                   
2020             :                                                                                   
January .........:                                                                                   
February ........:                                                                                   
March ...........:                                                                                   
April ...........:                                                                                   
May .............:                                                                                   
June ............:                                                                                   
July ............:                                                                                   
                 :                                                                                   
2018             :                                                                                   
August ..........:  69,450      378,249     47,983      495,682     25,512      521,194     47,750   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Shelled edible grades include blanched and shelled roasted peanuts converted to a raw basis using 
   conversion factors of 1.08 and 1.12, respectively.                                                
2/ Includes straight run oil stock peanuts.                                                          
3/ Cleaned and unshelled.                                                                            

Farmer Stock Peanuts Milled (Net Weight) by Month - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Includes peanuts milled for seed. Blank data cells indicate estimation period
has not yet begun.]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Month      :   Virginias   :               :               :               
      ending     :      and      :    Runners    :    Spanish    :     Total     
                 :   Valencias   :               :               :               
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                         1,000 pounds                          
                 :                                                               
2019             :                                                               
August ..........:    24,708          341,116          5,418          371,242    
September .......:                                                               
October .........:                                                               
November ........:                                                               
December ........:                                                               
                 :                                                               
2020             :                                                               
January .........:                                                               
February ........:                                                               
March ...........:                                                               
April ...........:                                                               
May .............:                                                               
June ............:                                                               
July ............:                                                               
                 :                                                               
2018             :                                                               
August ..........:    30,320          303,742            280          334,342    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Production of Shelled and Roasting Stock (in Shell) Peanuts by Month - United States:
August 2019 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun.]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :              Shelled edibles 1/               :           :           :           
      Month      :-----------------------------------------------:  Shelled  :           :           
      ending     : Virginias :           :           :           :    oil    :   Total   : Roasting  
                 :    and    :  Runners  :  Spanish  :   Total   : stocks 2/ :  shelled  : stock 3/  
                 : Valencias :           :           :           :           :           :           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                                   1,000 pounds                                    
                 :                                                                                   
2019             :                                                                                   
August ..........:  28,912      233,749      9,833      272,494     41,099      313,593      5,970   
September .......:                                                                                   
October .........:                                                                                   
November ........:                                                                                   
December ........:                                                                                   
                 :                                                                                   
2020             :                                                                                   
January .........:                                                                                   
February ........:                                                                                   
March ...........:                                                                                   
April ...........:                                                                                   
May .............:                                                                                   
June ............:                                                                                   
July ............:                                                                                   
                 :                                                                                   
2018             :                                                                                   
August ..........:     (D)      209,780        (D)      226,367     26,157      252,524      6,784   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                     
1/  Includes peanuts milled for seed.                                                                
2/  Includes straight run oil stock peanuts.                                                         
3/  Cleaned and unshelled.                                                                           

Shelled Peanuts Crushed, Production, and Stocks of Peanut Oil and Cake and Meal by
Month -
United States: August 2019 with Comparisons
[Relates to oil mills only. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun.]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   Shelled   :        Production         :   Stocks (end of month)   
      Month      :   peanuts   :-------------------------------------------------------
      ending     : crushed 1/  :  Crude oil  :Cake and Meal:  Crude oil  :Cake and Meal
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                            1,000 pounds                             
                 :                                                                     
2019             :                                                                     
August ..........:   55,117        23,541        30,542        11,741         8,133    
September .......:                                                                     
October .........:                                                                     
November ........:                                                                     
December ........:                                                                     
                 :                                                                     
2020             :                                                                     
January .........:                                                                     
February ........:                                                                     
March ...........:                                                                     
April ...........:                                                                     
May .............:                                                                     
June ............:                                                                     
July ............:                                                                     
                 :                                                                     
2018             :                                                                     
August ..........:   46,603        20,255        25,217         8,307         9,185    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ All crushings regardless of grade.                                                  

Apparent Disappearance of Milled Peanut Products by Month - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Includes in transit, exports, and domestic use. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun.]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :          Shelled peanuts          :           :           :           
      Month      :-----------------------------------: Roasting  :   Crude   :   Cake    
      ending     :  Edible   :    Oil    :           :   stock   :  peanut   :    and    
                 :  grades   :  stocks   :   Total   :           :  oil 1/   :  meal 1/  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                             1,000 pounds                              
                 :                                                                       
2019             :                                                                       
August ..........:  312,949     39,903      352,852     14,644      21,981      27,130   
September .......:                                                                       
October .........:                                                                       
November ........:                                                                       
December ........:                                                                       
                 :                                                                       
2020             :                                                                       
January .........:                                                                       
February ........:                                                                       
March ...........:                                                                       
April ...........:                                                                       
May .............:                                                                       
June ............:                                                                       
July ............:                                                                       
                 :                                                                       
2018             :                                                                       
August ..........:  266,415     24,877      291,292     14,567      21,198      20,584   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Relates to oil mills only.                                                            

Shelled Peanuts (Raw Basis) Used in Primary Products and in Shell Peanuts by Month - United States:
August 2019 with Comparisons
[Excludes peanuts milled for seed. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun.]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :             Edible grades used in products1/              :           :           
                 :-----------------------------------------------------------:   Total   :           
      Month      :           :           :           :           :           :    all    : In shell  
      ending     :  Peanut   :  Peanut   :  Peanut   :   Other   :           :  grades   :  peanuts  
                 :   candy   :  snacks   :  butter   : products  :   Total   :    5/     :    6/     
                 :    2/     :    3/     :    4/     :           :           :           :           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                                   1,000 pounds                                    
                 :                                                                                   
2019             :                                                                                   
August ..........:  31,567      40,780      124,593     10,095      207,035     262,152     11,883   
September .......:                                                                                   
October .........:                                                                                   
November ........:                                                                                   
December ........:                                                                                   
                 :                                                                                   
2020             :                                                                                   
January .........:                                                                                   
February ........:                                                                                   
March ...........:                                                                                   
April ...........:                                                                                   
May .............:                                                                                   
June ............:                                                                                   
July ............:                                                                                   
                 :                                                                                   
2018             :                                                                                   
August ..........:  33,120      40,226      118,391     11,980      203,717     250,320     10,643   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Shelled edible grades include blanched and shelled roasted peanuts converted to a raw basis using 
   conversion factors of 1.08 and 1.12, respectively.                                                
2/ Includes peanut butter made by manufacturers for own use in candy.                                
3/ Includes salted, unsalted, dry and honey roasted, salted and unsalted roasted, snack bars, and    
   trail mixes.                                                                                      
4/ Includes peanut butter made by manufacturers for own use in cookies and sandwiches, but excludes  
   peanut butter used in candy.                                                                      
5/ Includes all shelled peanuts crushed regardless of grade.                                         
6/ Includes peanuts re-packaged, roasted in shell, salted in shell, and raw in shell.                

Shelled Peanuts (Raw Basis) Used in Primary Products by Month and Type - United States:
August 2019 with Comparisons
[Excludes peanuts milled for seed. Crushings by type not available. Blank data cells
indicate estimation period has not yet begun.]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                  Edible grades used in products 1/                  
                 :---------------------------------------------------------------------
   Month ending  :             :             :             :             :             
     and type    :   Peanut    :   Peanut    :   Peanut    :    Other    :             
                 :    candy    :   snacks    :   butter    :  products   :    Total    
                 :     2/      :     3/      :     4/      :             :             
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                            1,000 pounds                             
                 :                                                                     
Runner           :                                                                     
2019             :                                                                     
  August ........:   28,978          (D)         114,098         (D)         183,909   
  September .....:                                                                     
  October .......:                                                                     
  November ......:                                                                     
  December ......:                                                                     
                 :                                                                     
2020             :                                                                     
  January .......:                                                                     
  February ......:                                                                     
  March .........:                                                                     
  April .........:                                                                     
  May ...........:                                                                     
  June ..........:                                                                     
  July ..........:                                                                     
                 :                                                                     
2018             :                                                                     
  August ........:   30,839          (D)         106,118         (D)         179,287   
                 :                                                                     
Spanish          :                                                                     
2019             :                                                                     
  August ........:      (D)          (D)             (D)           -           3,019   
  September .....:                                                                     
  October .......:                                                                     
  November ......:                                                                     
  December ......:                                                                     
                 :                                                                     
2020             :                                                                     
  January .......:                                                                     
  February ......:                                                                     
  March .........:                                                                     
  April .........:                                                                     
  May ...........:                                                                     
  June ..........:                                                                     
  July ..........:                                                                     
                 :                                                                     
2018             :                                                                     
  August ........:      (D)          (D)             (D)           -           1,874   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                            --continued

Shelled Peanuts (Raw Basis) Used in Primary Products by Month and Type - United States:
August 2019 with Comparisons (continued)
[Excludes peanuts milled for seed. Crushings by type not available. Blank data cells
indicate estimation period has not yet begun.]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       :                  Edible grades used in products 1/                  
                       :---------------------------------------------------------------------
      Month ending     :             :             :             :             :             
        and type       :   Peanut    :   Peanut    :   Peanut    :    Other    :             
                       :    candy    :   snacks    :   butter    :  products   :    Total    
                       :     2/      :     3/      :     4/      :             :             
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       :                            1,000 pounds                             
                       :                                                                     
Virginia and Valencia  :                                                                     
2019                   :                                                                     
  August ..............:     (D)          8,092          (D)           (D)         20,107    
  September ...........:                                                                     
  October .............:                                                                     
  November ............:                                                                     
  December ............:                                                                     
                       :                                                                     
2020                   :                                                                     
  January .............:                                                                     
  February ............:                                                                     
  March ...............:                                                                     
  April ...............:                                                                     
  May .................:                                                                     
  June ................:                                                                     
  July ................:                                                                     
                       :                                                                     
2018                   :                                                                     
August ................:     (D)          7,226          (D)           (D)         22,556    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                         
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                             
1/  Shelled edible grades include blanched and shelled roasted peanuts converted to a raw    
    basis using conversion factors of 1.08 and 1.12, respectively.                           
2/  Includes peanut butter made by manufacturers for own use in candy.                       
3/  Includes salted, unsalted, dry and honey roasted, salted and unsalted roasted, snack     
    bars, and trail mixes.                                                                   
4/  Includes peanut butter made by manufacturers for own use in cookies and sandwiches, but  
    excludes peanut butter used in candy.                                                    

Government Domestic Feeding and Child Nutrition Program
Deliveries by Month - United States:
August 2019 with Comparisons
[Source: Food and Nutrition Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun.]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :             Deliveries by product             
                 :-----------------------------------------------
      Month      :               :               :               
      ending     :    Peanut     :    Roasted    :     Total     
                 :    butter     :    peanuts    :               
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    pounds                     
                 :                                               
2019             :                                               
August ..........:   5,097,700        77,760         5,175,460   
September .......:                                               
October .........:                                               
November ........:                                               
December ........:                                               
                 :                                               
2020             :                                               
January .........:                                               
February ........:                                               
March ...........:                                               
April ...........:                                               
May .............:                                               
June ............:                                               
July ............:                                               
                 :                                               
2018             :                                               
August ..........:   1,964,945        51,840         2,016,785   
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Stocks of Treated Seed at Month's End - United States: August 2019
with Comparisons
[Excludes stocks on farms. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has
not yet begun.]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :  Virginias   :              :              :              
     ending    :     and      :    Runner    :   Spanish    :    Total     
               :  Valencias   :              :              :              
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                       1,000 pounds                        
               :                                                           
2019           :                                                           
August ........:     (D)            148            (D)            218      
September .....:                                                           
October .......:                                                           
November ......:                                                           
December ......:                                                           
               :                                                           
2020           :                                                           
January .......:                                                           
February ......:                                                           
March .........:                                                           
April .........:                                                           
May ...........:                                                           
June ..........:                                                           
July ..........:                                                           
               :                                                           
2018           :                                                           
August ........:     (D)            114            (D)            330      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.          
                                                                           
Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: The peanut stocks and processing estimates in this report 
are based on a survey conducted during the first three weeks of the month. 
The survey is required by law under Title 7 of the United States Code 
(7 U.S.C. 951, 2010). Peanut stocks are a census of all known cleaners, 
shellers, crushers, warehouses, cold storage plants, and processors of 
peanuts who handle more than 30,000 pounds annually. Every effort is made to 
obtain a report from all facilities.

Estimating Procedures: Since a complete report is not always received from 
all facilities, estimates are made for missing facilities to assure complete 
coverage. Peanut stocks survey data are reviewed at the national level for 
reasonableness and consistency with historical estimates.

Revision Policy: Peanut stocks are subject to revision at any time during the 
marketing year. Revisions can be made when late reports are received and 
errors are detected in reporting and calculating. Once the marketing year 
ends, no revisions can be made to the previous marketing year.

Reliability: The peanut stocks and processing survey is subject to non-
sampling errors such as omission, duplication, imputation for missing data, 
and mistakes in reporting, recording, and processing the data. These errors 
cannot be measured directly, but are minimized through rigid quality controls 
in the data collection process and a careful review of all reported data for 
consistency and reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.............................. (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section.................. (202) 720-2127
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
     Chris Hawthorn- Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet............. (202) 720-9526
     James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................... (202) 690-8533
     Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
     Jannety Mosley - Crop Weather, Barley.................... (202) 720-7621
     Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................... (202) 720-7688
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum................ (202) 720-5944
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369

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